The world is united against children poliomyelitis (polio) on 24 October 2015. The day is observed year brand and an extensive global campaign against highly contagious viral disease, ranging from mild to severe infection that often is followed by paralysis of some parts of the body, especially in the lower extremities among children. Unknown to many, polio is actually a seasonal occurrence, as it tends to spread in the spring and summer until the end of the fall season.
Millions of children were saved through vaccination campaigns by WHO (World Health Organization) global initiative led with 166 member countries. It was unanimously decided that 24 October of each year would be designated as World Polio Day.
Since 1988, the number of polio cases has declined by more than 99%. India is now officially free of polio. In the Kingdom of vaccination programs against polio Saudi Arabia carried out by the Ministry of Health since 1990 had been reduced positively disease among children with a success rate of over 90%. African countries and sub-Saharan Africa are still struggling to come to terms with this threat, but with a great campaign and continuing education units, there has been a decrease in the number of reported cases of these countries.
The only effective way to prevent polio is through Immun tion or administration of the vaccine. Inactivated polio vaccine (IPV) is given as a shot and, since 2000, is the only type of polio vaccine available in the most countries. Children should receive four doses of IPV from 2 months of age.
However, in recent times it seems that this disease will not be easily eradicated. A surprising fact is that the vaccine itself is the source of new cases of this disease.
When global health authorities are declaring a victory over polio in India, who are calling for a global meeting in Switzerland on the issue of polio vaccine caused .
The problem is that while the oral vaccine has restrained wild strains polio, wild virus is being replaced by vaccine-derived polio virus (VDPV), which in turn causes acute flaccid paralysis. The case raises a serious concern and an international meeting organized by the World Health Organization (WHO) in collaboration with the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and the Ministry of Health of Japan, is scheduled for May 30 -June 2012 in Geneva, Switzerland. The convention decided that further investigation led the effort and new technologies, along with must be consistent in order to find a better vaccine that would curb the problem without causing further problems for our future generations more funding.
Awareness is key in defeating this monster that refuses to die down.