World leaders pledge to tackle superbugs, but set no specific targets

Countries around the world agreed on Wednesday to take concerted efforts to address growing threat of superbugs – resistant to drugs that could turn back the clock in modern medical practice

pathogens.

At a meeting special high-level General Assembly of the UN unanimously adopted a resolution calling for the world to combat antimicrobial resistance.

“We are losing our ability to protect people and animals from infections that threaten life, ” said Secretary General Ban Ki-moon at the opening session of a daylong .

the article continues after the announcement

Dr. Margaret Chan, Director General of the World Health Organization, called antimicrobial resistance “a serious threat to human health, development and security.”

Chan said countries are making commitment needs to be converted into a quick and effective action. “Hurry up,” she said.

This is the fourth time a health issue has been a topic of debate in the General Assembly of the UN. The last time was in 2014, when Ebola was running through the West African countries of Guinea, Sierra Leone and Liberia.

The resolution commits countries to develop action plans to address the threat. Experts have indicated that there will be a whole-a-size single solution.

But raising public awareness of the need to use drugs judiciously, take measures to prevent infections by improving sanitation and hygiene, as well as use of existing vaccines and develop new ones are cornerstones of the effort.

will also be necessary

The radical change in the use of antibiotics in agriculture. Most medically important antibiotics – those used to treat infections in humans and animals. – They are used in agriculture and aquaculture

a practice that should be removed immediately, José Graziano da Silva, the director general of the Organization for Agriculture and Food –

The drugs are used not only to treat or prevent infections in animals, but to promote growth the United Nations, said at the meeting.

In the United States, it is estimated that 70 percent of antibiotic use in food animals and fish farming sector.

Concerns about resistance has always existed and when antibiotics do not have. Alexander Fleming, the Scottish pharmacologist who discovered the first antibiotic – penicillin – warned that misuse teach how microbes to evade the drug

.

In recent years, more and more bacteria have acquired that ability, creating concern that the world is facing a post-antibiotic era where medical procedures such as chemotherapy for cancer, hip replacements or caesarean births can become too dangerous to carry out.

It is estimated that 23,000 people in the United States die each year from infections resistant to antibiotics; worldwide the figure is estimated at 700,000.

However, a Reference Report the threat of antimicrobial resistance published in May estimated that the figure could rise to 10 million a year by 2050 if the problem is not addressed.

The report, commissioned by the British government and written by prominent economist Jim O’Neill, estimated the cost of inaction on antimicrobial resistance would be $ 100 billion during that period.

Scientists and others concerned with antimicrobial resistance see the UN resolution as a key to addressing the problem step, saying it makes clear that this is not just a human health problem, but an economic threat that requires a swift and concerted action.

hyacinth Steeply / STAT
The superbugs are growing in number and strength and it is our fault.
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