What is Gluten, and Why is it Bad For Some People?

Gluten is very controversial these days.

Most sources say that it is safe for everyone except those with celiac disease.

On the other hand, some health experts believe that gluten is harmful for most people.

According to a recent survey more than 30% of Americans actively try to avoid eating gluten.

This article explains what is gluten, and how it can affect your health.

What is gluten?

Gluten is a family of proteins found in grains like wheat , rye, spelled and barley.

grains containing gluten, wheat is by far the most consumed.

The two main proteins gliadin and gluten are glutenin. gliadin is responsible for most of the adverse health effects ( 1 2 )

When the flour is mixed with water gluten proteins form a sticky network having a rubbery consistency.

This rubber-like elastic property makes the dough and gives food the ability to rise when baked. It also provides a chewy texture satisfies ( 3 4 ).

Interestingly, the glu-ten name is derived from the wet glue-like mass property.

Conclusion: Gluten is a family of proteins found in cereals such as wheat, spelled, rye and barley. Gliadin and glutenin are the two main gluten proteins.

Why is gluten inappropriate for some people?

Most people tolerate gluten very well.

However, it can cause problems for people with certain health conditions.

This includes celiac disease, gluten sensitivity, allergy to wheat and some other diseases ( 5 6 ).

Celiac Disease

Celiac disease , also written as celiac disease, is the most severe form of gluten intolerance. It affects about 0.7-1% approximately of the population ( 7 ).

is an autoimmune disorder, and involves the treatment of body gluten as a foreign invader. The immune system attacks the gluten, as well as the lining of the intestine ( 8 ).

This damages the bowel wall and can cause nutrient deficiencies , anemia, severe digestive problems and an increased risk of many diseases ( 9 ).

The most common symptoms of celiac disease are gastrointestinal upset, tissue damage in the small intestines, swelling , diarrhea, constipation, headache, fatigue, skin rashes, depression, weight loss and foul-smelling stools ( 10 11 ).

However, some people with celiac disease have no digestive symptoms, but may have other symptoms such as fatigue or anemia ( 12 13 ).

For this reason, celiac disease can be difficult to diagnose. In fact, up to 80% of people with celiac disease do not know they have it ( 7 14 ).

Conclusion: Celiac disease is an autoimmune disorder that causes the body attack gluten in the digestive system. This can cause serious digestive disorders and other health problems.

non-celiac gluten sensitivity

There are many people who do not test positive for celiac disease but still react negatively to gluten.

This condition is called non-celiac gluten sensitivity .

currently not known how many people have this condition, but it has been estimated in the range of 0.5 to 13% ( 15 ).

Symptoms of gluten sensitivity include diarrhea, stomach pain, tiredness, swelling and depression.

There is no clear definition of sensitivity to non celiac gluten, but the diagnosis is made when a patient reacts negatively to gluten, but celiac disease and allergies were discarded ( 16 17 , 18 , 19 ).

However, some experts believe that this is not a real condition. They believe that adverse effects are imaginary or caused by substances other than gluten.

One study examined nearly 400 people with self-diagnosed gluten intolerance, and is investigating whether improved on a gluten-free diet ( 20 ).

The results showed that only 26 people had celiac disease, while 2 had a wheat allergy. Only 27 of the remaining 364 people were diagnosed as gluten sensitivity.

This means that of the 400 who thought they were intolerant to gluten only 55 people (14.5%) actually had a problem with gluten.

Therefore, many people who think who are gluten intolerant actually have other causes of your symptoms.

Conclusion: Many people react negatively to gluten, but do not have celiac disease. This condition, known as celiac gluten sensitivity not, is controversial.

Irritable Bowel Syndrome, allergies to wheat and other

Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a common digestive disorder that causes symptoms such as abdominal pain, cramps, bloating, gas and diarrhea ( 21 ).

is a chronic disease, but many people are able to manage their symptoms with diet, lifestyle changes and stress management.

Interestingly, studies have shown that some individuals with IBS may benefit from a gluten-free diet ( 22 23 24 25 ).

By about 1% of the population, wheat allergy may be causing digestive problems after consuming gluten ( 26 ).

Furthermore, studies have shown that a gluten-free diet may benefit some individuals with schizophrenia , autism and a disease called ataxia gluten ( 27 , 28 , 29 ).

Conclusion: Gluten can be problematic for people with irritable bowel syndrome and wheat allergy. People with schizophrenia, autism and gluten ataxia may also benefit from a gluten-free diet.

How to know if you are intolerant to gluten

digestive discomfort is the most common indication of intolerance to gluten. You may also have anemia or problems fat .

To find out the cause of your discomfort, consult your doctor to check for celiac disease first.

There are two main forms of find if you have celiac disease ( 10 ):

  • Blood: There are several blood tests that detect antibodies. The most common is called tTG IgA test . If positive, a tissue biopsy is usually recommended for confirmation.
  • biopsy of the small intestine :. A health professional has a small sample of tissue from the small intestine, which is analyzed for damage

If you think you may have celiac disease, you should consult with your doctor before try a gluten-free diet. This makes it easier to get a correct diagnosis.

If you do not have celiac disease, the best way to find out if you are sensitive to gluten is to follow a strict gluten-free diet for a few weeks to see if symptoms improve.

you will then need to enter the gluten in your diet and see if symptoms return.

if your symptoms do not improve on a gluten-free diet, and do not worsen when introducing gluten again, then the culprit is probably something other than gluten.

Conclusion: If you think that reacts negatively to gluten, you should consult with your doctor to see if you have celiac disease. If that is ruled a gluten-free diet can help determine if you are really intolerant to gluten.

FODMAPs can also cause digestive problems

FODMAPs are short chain carbohydrates found in many foods, including wheat.

Many people are unable to digest these properly, which can cause various gastrointestinal symptoms ( 30 31 )

Indeed, there is some evidence that many people with “gluten sensitivity” are really sensitive to FODMAPs, no gluten ( 32 ).

In a study of 37 people with gluten sensitivity participants self-report placed on a diet low in FODMAP, reducing symptoms. Participants were given the isolated gluten, which does not affect your digestive symptoms ( 32 ).

This indicates that FODMAPs may be the real culprit for many people who think that react negatively to gluten.

Conclusion: FODMAPs are carbohydrates short chain found in many foods, including wheat. They may be the real culprit of many people who think negatively react to gluten.

What foods are high in gluten?

The most common sources of gluten in the diet are:

  • wheat
  • Spelt
  • Rye
  • Barley
  • Pan
  • Pasta
  • Grains
  • Beer
  • cakes, cookies and cakes

wheat will also be added to all kinds of processed foods . If you want to avoid gluten, then you better start reading food labels.

Conclusion :. The most common food sources of gluten are wheat, spelled, rye, barley, bread, pasta, cereals and baked goods

How to secure a diet free of gluten

starting a gluten-free diet can be quite difficult to start.

The first thing to do is start tag reading in everything you eat.

soon will realize that gluten, especially wheat, is added to a surprising number of foods.

should also eat mainly whole, healthy foods , as most whole foods are naturally gluten-free. Avoid processed foods, cereals and grains containing gluten.

Grains Gluten

There are a few grains and seeds that are naturally free of gluten. These include:

However, while oats are naturally free of gluten, which may be contaminated by it. Therefore, it is safer to consume only oats with a gluten-free label ( 33 34 ).

The gluten-free foods

There are a lot of healthy foods integers that are naturally free of gluten, including:

As a general rule, it is best to choose foods that are naturally gluten-free, instead of processed gluten-free products. These tend to be low in nutrients and high in added sugar or refined grains .

Most drinks are also free of gluten, except beer (unless it is said to be free of gluten).

For more details on follow a gluten-free diet, read this: gluten-free diet. All you need to know (literally)

Conclusion: There are a lot of foods and grains that are naturally free of gluten. Try to choose, especially whole healthy foods.

If everyone avoid gluten?

For the vast majority of people avoid gluten is unnecessary.

However, for people with certain health conditions, eliminating gluten from the diet can make a big difference.

Moreover, the diet is usually harmless to try. There are no nutrients in gluten grains that can not be obtained from other foods.

Just be sure to choose healthy foods. A gluten-free label does not automatically mean that a food is healthy.

gluten free junk food is still junk food.

This article was originally published in Nutrition Authority and reproduced with permission.

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