Electrolytes are some substances in your body that has a great number of important functions, from regulating the heartbeat to muscle contraction that allow you to move.
Some of the main electrolytes in the body are calcium, potassium, magnesium, sodium, phosphate and chloride. All these nutrients help in stimulating the nerves throughout the body while at the same time levels fluid balance. And electrolyte imbalance can lead to various theme and some are even life threatening.
Certain activities such as exercise, sweat, toileting and urinating make you lose some electrolytes. You can recharge your body with electrolytes buy the consumption of various foods and drinking certain liquids. You also need to pay attention to your diet and exercise, and poor diet and exercise too little or too much can cause an electrolyte imbalance.
Here are some of the main functions of electrolytes:
- Calcium :. help with muscle contraction, signaling nerves, blood clotting, dividing cells, and maintenance of bones and teeth
- Potassium :. help maintain the level of blood pressure, regulate heart contraction, the help function of muscles
- Magnesium: aids in muscle contraction, adequate heart rate, nerve function, construction and strengthening of bones, reduce anxiety, aids in digestion and maintain a stable fluid protein balance.
- Sodium :. aids in muscle contraction, maintain fluid balance, helps in signaling nerves
- Chloride: keep fluid balance
How electrolytes and causes an imbalance work
electrolytes can be found within our body fluids such as urine, blood and sweat. Electrolytes name was given because I really do not have an “electric charge” which are separated into positive and negative ion charge when dissolved in water. This is important because the reaction of the nerves. Our nerves are pointing to each other through chemical exchange process dependent otherwise charged ion inside and outside the cells.
There are several things that cause electrolyte imbalance, including short-term illness, dehydration, medications and chronic underlying disorder. The most common cause electrolyte imbalance is fluid loss, which can occur due to the following conditions:
- Some diseases that cause symptoms such as vomiting , a lot of sweating or high fever and diarrhea that cause fluid loss or dehydration.
- Poor diet, which involves low intake of essential nutrients.
- Problem in the absorption of nutrients from food (malabsorption) due to intestinal or digestive problems.
- endocrine disorder and hormonal imbalance.
- Certain medications such as drugs to treat hormonal disorders, heart disease or cancer.
- Taking antibiotics, diuretics or corticosteroid hormone drugs.
Kidney disease or kidney damage (this body plays an important role in regulating blood chloride paper and excrete potassium, magnesium and sodium).
The treatment for chemotherapy that causes calcium deficiency, change in blood potassium levels, and other electrolyte deficiencies.
Some symptoms of electrolyte imbalance
Electrolytes responsible for many different functions in your body, usually, electrolyte imbalance can be recognized fairly quickly. Then several symptoms that may experience, each dependent on the type of electrolyte imbalance experienced occur.
- Fatigue (including chronic fatigue syndrome )
- frequent headaches
- Feeling very thirsty
- Changes in appetite or body weight
- Confusion trouble concentrating
- dizziness , especially upon suddenly
- irregular heartbeat or heart palpitations
- pain muscle spasms, twitches, and weakness
- digestive problems such as cramping, constipation or diarrhea
- numbness of joint pain
- change in blood pressure
- joint pain
- bone disorders
When you go to the doctor, there are several different tests that were done to determine the level of electrolytes including discuss your medical history with you to see if there are any symptoms reoccurring, take sample of your urine and blood tests to see if there is an abnormality.
In some cases it may also involve some scanning as proof EKG, USG, or x-rays of the kidneys that aim to seek severe electrolyte imbalances to see if the heart is at risk of complications.
What your doctor is trying to find some remarkable changed in the electrolyte level as optimal very low levels or high potassium, magnesium or sodium. Usually, they are not quite easy to detect because your body works hard in order to maintain the electrolyte concentration within a certain range. If any man fall in value below or above the normal range below, then it would be diagnosed with electrolyte imbalance.
- Calcium: 5-5.5 mEq / L
- potassium : 5-5.3 mEq / L
- magnesium : 1.5-2.5 mEq / L
- sodium: 136-145 mEq / L
- Chloride: 97-107 mEq / L
So when is the right time to talk with your doctor about your electrolyte imbalance possibility? If you notice any symptoms of electrolyte imbalance, then it is better to consult your doctor about the issue of getting help to reverse the problem and prevent future occurrence. Below you can find any signs of electrolyte imbalance and the cause for each symptom.
Change heartbeat: The hyperkalemia is when the potassium level rise very high status. This condition can cause the muscle to be weak, with tingling or numbness. Meanwhile, high levels of potassium can also increase your heart rate and make you feel anxious. high level of calcium can also affect the cardiovascular system, and electrical transmission pathways of the heart. Therefore, another common cause of heart beat change is very high level of calcium.
Muscle spasm: Dehydration or a drop in potassium and magnesium levels can cause muscle weakness and spasms. very low potassium levels (hypokalemia) can also cause cramps and constipation. The same applies to the low level of calcium (hypocalcemia), which can also cause muscle spasms, cramps, abdominal muscle pain and seizures.
Difficulty sleeping and anxiety: Low magnesium levels and high potassium can cause continuous pain and mental disturbance which in turn contribute to disturb your good night sleep. We all know it is not easy to fall or stay asleep when we suffer from muscle spasms, fast heartbeat or night sweats.
digestive problems: In order to help you go to the bathroom, the muscle inside your digestive tract need to function properly. abnormal level of electrolytes can cause cramps, constipation, diarrhea, or hemorrhoids. very low sodium level (hyponatremia) can also cause nausea. If left untreated, they can also occur some other problems such as headaches, disorientation and respiratory problems.
Bone pain: too high calcium levels (hypercalcemia) can cause bone fractures, kidney stones, vomiting and constipation. You can also suffer from fatigue, weakness and difficulty concentrating.
confusion, dizziness, and irritability: This condition may be the result of too high sodium levels (hypernatremia). When the condition worsens, you may also experience delirium, and even coma attack.
Solution Electrolyte imbalance
1.Maintain a healthy diet
the first thing to do to reverse the electrolyte imbalance is to identify how it developed in the first place. Many people today adopt unhealthy habit of eating foods that contain high process that are high in sodium and low in other electrolytes such as potassium or magnesium. This is one of the reasons causing electrolyte imbalance.
Generally, maintain a healthy diet by replacing junk food and restaurant food with a fresh homemade meal can help correct the electrolyte imbalance. Instead of eating food container, eat some vegetables and fruits containing potassium and magnesium. Some of the best choice for this include cruciferous vegetables such as broccoli and cabbage, starchy vegetables like sweet potatoes or squash, avocados and bananas. Low potassium or magnesium can lead to problems such as abnormal blood pressure and magnesium deficiency and lead to restlessness, anxiety, and muscle cramps.
In addition, focus on some foods that dense water to prevent dehydration and restore electrolytes. Here are some foods rich in water can help with this issue are as follows:
- Coconut Water
- fermented milk (yogurt / kefir / Amashsai)
Please remember calcium intake also arise. Besides dairy products, you can also get calcium from green leaf, beans, legumes, vegetables and others. Some organic foods such as probiotic yogurt, cultured raw milk cheeses and raw also provide a high level of electrolytes.
2.Control your sodium intake
If you like eating packaged or processed foods, you need to check the level of sodium. Sodium play an important role in relation to the body’s ability to retain or release water. When foods are high in sodium, more water is excreted by the kidneys and this condition can cause complications with other electrolytes are consumed.
Let’s see first how sodium works within our body. Basically, water is salt. So if the sodium level increased, also the water retention will occur. Moreover, the low level of sodium can result in loss of body water can lead to dehydration and extreme thirst. The condition when there is too much water lost or too high level of sodium is called hyponatremia. This condition is more common among people with people with diabetes, older adults and people who eat a lot of processed foods.
Taking certain diuretics or laxatives, diarrhea, exercise, and overtraining with insufficient water intake can also cause a loss in the high level of sodium.
You can prevent problems such as lethargy, swelling, weakness, dehydration, irritability and muscle tremors by controlling their sodium intake.
3.Hydrate your body with enough water
electrolyte imbalance can also be the result of changes in the amount of water in your body. Overhydrating both dehydration and can contribute to this problem. Drink plenty of water necessary without excessive dilution of cells in order to maintain the optimum level of sodium and potassium.
Therefore, the amount is the recommended daily intake of water? You may already know that the standard recommendation is “eight glasses a day.” However, the best amount may vary from person to person. There are several factors that determine your daily water consumption including physical activities, climate and type of food your normally consume. Their is also necessary to take into account their age and body size.
One of the best way to determine the amount of water you need in a day is to see to what extent. Your water intake should allow urinate at least every three to four hours. For most people, that means round. 8 – 10 glasses a day
If you exercise a lot, you need to replenish excrete fluid when He is sweating. The same applies if you become ill (and involve fever that causes vomiting or diarrhea), you need to drink more water to replace lost fluids. Women who are pregnant or nursing also need to drink a lot. (About 10 to 13 cups a day) to keep you hydrated
One thing to bear consider is, although you need to drink plenty of water, make sure you do not drink too much. Excess moisture is enough rate, but possible. If you drink too much water, the kidney will not be able to process and thus will cause the blood electrolyte is diluted. This can cause the sodium level is reduced, what used to happen among endurance athletes. Although you may not suffer from this problem if you adopt the standard American diet high in salt.
4.Beware their medication
Some of medications such as diuretics, hormone pills, blood pressure medications, cancer treatments, and also antibiotics can affect the level of electrolyte. The most severe electrolyte imbalance condition of usually occurs in cancer patients receiving chemotherapy. This condition needs to be managed properly or it will lead to some serious problems like calcium levels in the blood and other imbalances that may happen after the cancer cells died.
The levels of potassium and sodium in the blood and urine may also be affected by laxatives and diuretics. Some diuretics are even considered as “potassium-combat” because they can lower the potassium level to be very high while causing other electrolytes such as calcium, magnesium, sodium and still very low.
can cause some problems such as rapid heartbeat, anxiety, digestive problems and problems sleeping. hormonal medication interaction of antidiuretic hormone, aldosterone, and thyroid hormones may also cause electrolyte imbalance development. Even a severe physiological stress can impair the balance of electrolyte level.
If you experience changes in mood, energy, heart rate and sleep, consult yoru doctor about the possibility of changing your dose of medication to minimize the the risk of electrolyte imbalance.
Fluid 5.Replenish in the body after exercise
usually athletes consume fluids and electrolytes during or after training. For many years, electrolyte replacement has been recommended by a health professional. This is probably why sports drinks and enhanced water are very popular. To stay hydrated, you need to drink plenty of water before, during and after exercise if you train for a long period of time. This is really necessary to replace electrolytes as some electrolytes are lost when you are sweating.
By making a brief workout, drink another 1/5 to 2/5 cups. If you exercise for more than an hour, add three additional cups. Lack of water in the body can cause several problems, including cardiovascular complications, fatigue, muscle cramps, dizziness and confusion. You need to replace water and sodium in your body after exercise to restore a normal water levels in the body.
6.Consider Taking supplements
There are several factors which can result in a chronic deficiency in some electrolytes including high stress, genetic factors, and existing medical conditions. The two most common electrolytes that many people lack magnesium and potassium are.
You can solve this problem by taking magnesium supplements daily to maintain normal levels of magnesium in the body and prevent magnesium deficiency. Multivitamins also contain potassium and magnesium. However, you must ensure that you are taking high-quality, food-based vitamin to allow adequate absorption of electrolytes.