Diabetes is a lifestyle disease that can affect children. There are different types of diabetes are in children. The most common diabetes in children is type 1 diabetes or insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus.
Diabetes in children has proved to be a widespread chronic disease today. There has been a significant increase in cases of diabetes in children since the last two decades. When the pancreas is not able to produce the desired amount of insulin and / or beta cells is affected, it is a diabetic condition.
the symptoms of diabetes in children are so similar in relation to the types, which is quite difficult to classify symptoms according to the variant of diabetes. This certainly makes it a difficult task for parents and other caregivers at home or at school. The main types of diabetes are found to occur in children are presented:
Type 1 Diabetes
What is type 1 diabetes?
Type 1 diabetes is also known as insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus or IDDM. Since it takes place mainly in children and adolescents, which is commonly known as juvenile diabetes. In this condition the beta cells found in the lining of the pancreas is destroyed and represents incapacitate. Insulin production is hampered because they can not produce insulin desired. It is for this reason that type 1 diabetes is known as an autoimmune disease.
Symptoms of type 1 diabetes in children
This is a very serious condition because the symptoms more common are excessive thirst and frequent urination. And pancreas cells begin to be affected or degenerate long before these symptoms appear. So the damage actually set before the medication was used to.
Treatment Type 1 diabetes
The condition is treated by administering insulin through regular injections. Physicians today also suggest the use of insulin pumps in order to ensure a continuous infusion of insulin. It is vital to control glucose levels or blood sugar at regular intervals with urine. Maintaining a proper diet plan is important but also take note of several other associative factors.
Children who are not normally found in type 1 diabetes to be overweight contract and only 5% among those who are found to have a family history of diabetes.
type 2 diabetes
What is type 2 diabetes?
This is known as non-insulin dependent or alternative diabetes mellitus NIDDM. It is also known as adult-onset diabetes. About 90-95% of adults are diagnosed with type 2 diabetes, but these days it is also diagnosed in children as well. Although it is primarily diagnosed in the elderly and there are several other factors such as family history and racial factors.
In type 2 diabetes, the right amount of insulin is not produced by the body. Or the case is as the body becomes resistant to insulin, ie, cells end up ignoring insulin and eventually lead to an increased level of glucose in the blood.
Signs of type 2 diabetes
Today children are diagnosed with type 2 diabetes found to be overweight and obese. These children were also found to be sedentary without exercise active at all. In children it is a difficult proposition, since type 2 diabetes may not be easily diagnosed in children and in most cases very mild or no symptoms at all were visible.
This is an abbreviation of maturity onset diabetes of the young. This is a rare variant of diabetes and only about 2% of children are affected by it. There is no racial pattern to it and that occurs in people who are below 25 years old. Insulin production is too little, but this variant does not require treatment with insulin, but simple diabetic pills and diet control.