Less than half of people with diabetes know that have or seek tests by a doctor. Type 2 diabetes is the most stealthy type; Symptoms may be mild and therefore overlooked for years. Early diagnosis and lifestyle are critical to reduce complications and damage caused by this disease for life.
What is diabetes?
is fast is becoming known as a “rich cultural epidemic ‘in our Western lifestyle of excessive indulgence. With increasing obesity, high-fat diets and sedentary life convenience, diabetes is becoming a devastating common affliction. in North America, is the leading cause of death sixth and almost 60,000 new diagnoses are made each year. once developed, this disorder has a severe impact on health , quality of life and life expectancy.
diabetes is a chronic incurable disease, which occurs when the body does not produce enough insulin or. insulin, a hormone produced by cells in the pancreas, converts glucose (sugar) into energy that the body can use. If the body is unable to produce enough insulin, your function is impaired or if the body becomes insensitive to insulin, glucose food can not be used as fuel for the cells of the body. Sugar builds up in the bloodstream and excreted in the urine, rather than being used to maintain healthy and energetic body.
Over time, if not treated and uncontrolled hyperglycemia (high blood sugar) caused by excessive amount of glucose in the blood leads to a variety of life-threatening complications. These long-term affects include high blood pressure, heart disease and arteries, stroke, kidney disease, nerve damage, sexual dysfunction, vision loss, and skin disorders and diabetic foot.
causes of diabetes
The exact cause of diabetes is unknown, however, certain factors can trigger the onset of the disease :. Heredity, obesity, sedentary lifestyle, stress, pregnancy and some viruses and medications
Type 1 diabetes occurs mostly in children, adolescents and young adults. In type 1 diabetes, the pancreas does not produce insulin, so type 1 diabetics who depend on daily insulin injections to survive. Symptoms of type 1 diabetes are dramatic and very evident even in the early onset.
Type 2 or adult-onset diabetes usually it occurs later in life after age 30 to 40 years. About 90% of diabetics have Type 2 diabetes In recent decades, this type of diabetes is occurring more prevalent and long before; in some cases, even in children due to poor diet and lifestyle.
Asians, people of African descent, Latino and indigenous are more likely to develop the disease than other ethnic groups. Other risk factors include hereditary risks, smoking, a diet high in fat and more commonly, obesity.
Gestational diabetes occurs in 2 to 4% of all pregnancies, and usually dissipates after the birth of the child. For the mother, gestational diabetes increases the risk of infection, excessive fatigue and can cause complications during childbirth.