By Rasya Dixit Dermatology
acne, medically known as acne vulgaris is a skin disease involving oil glands at the base of hair follicles. Often it occurs during puberty, when the sebaceous (oil) come to life -. The glands are stimulated by male hormones produced by the adrenal glands of men and females.It ia is not dangerous, but can leave scars on the skin
Occurs frequently in age from 14 to 17 years for women and 16 to 19 in men. However, recent studies have shown that a significant number of female patients aged> 25 years experience acne at least once.
What are the causes behind it?
- Acne develops because the sebaceous glands are overactive.
- Hormones can cause an outbreak of pimples, or increase the number obtained.
- Family history.
Things that irritate the skin can also cause acne. These include:
- The rubbing or friction from clothing.
- contact with the tongue of a dog (for example, after a friendly lick).
- Skin contact with certain sports team.
- Certain cosmetics.
- skin exposure to extreme temperatures.
Acne commonly appears on the face and shoulders. It can also occur on the trunk, arms, legs and buttocks. Skin changes include:
- crusted skin skin.
- papules (small red bumps).
- Redness around the skin eruptions.
- Scarring of the skin.
- When the sebaceous glands become overactive.
- Hormonal problems.
Acne is diagnosed by their appearance. Your doctor can perform a physical examination and review your medical and personal history to rule out other possibilities. Your doctor may ask about things like cosmetics and medicines you are taking.
therapeutic treatments for acne:
- Topical retinoids are effective in treating inflammatory and inflammatory acne no.
- Oral antibiotics are effective for treating moderate to severe acne.
- Benzoyl peroxide must be used in conjunction with topical and oral antibiotics to reduce the risk of bacterial resistance.
- After the treatment is done correctly, oral antibiotics should be replaced with topical retinoid for maintenance treatment.
- Topical antibiotics are more effective when used in combination with topical retinoids.
- COCs can be used to treat inflammatory and non-inflammatory acne.