according to the announcement by the Health Agency of the United States, the National Institute of Health is hoping to get government funding in order to conduct a study of the inclusion of human cells into animal embryos.
Although critics warn of the ethical, the study will attempt to create a mixture of human and animal. According to those fighting the idea of human-animal hybrids activists, this will completely destroy the species on Earth.
NIH indicates that the controversial study will have important advances in the fight against many diseases, such as Parkinson’s and Alzheimer’s, and can be used in organs for human transplantation increasing, which definitely solve the problem of constant shortage of body parts.
published “Guidelines for research into human stem cells” in 2009, which is the use of human cells in animals and breeding animals created with sperm prohibits human or eggs. The guideline was praised by fighting hybrid human and animal activists.
Moreover, in 2015, the NIH banned research on the use of human cells with the brain of animals. After a whimper changed their minds and now want to carry out field studies that have banned.
Critics warn that this proposed study many ethical questions, as this issue remains controversial and unacceptable by modern society. Altering the animal brain with human cells is highly unethical, since animals don`t have the right to take a decision on this matter.
Stuart Newman, a researcher at the New York Medical College, says that if the government supports the study, the animals will be exposed to suffering, and that NIH They should not be allowed to explore this area. As he says: “For example, we have created pigs with human brain, and wonders why we are experiencing in them and the opposite case, humans with brains of animals`’ll probably say that they are not really.. humans, so that`s s OK to experiment with them and harvest their organs. Maybe this scenario is a little extreme, but even the idea of creating human-animal hybrids was extreme and unacceptable 20 years ago, so it ‘s the scientific direction we should not take. In addition, there are no laws that can prevent this from happening. “
the NIH is not listening to what critics have to say. Its Associate of Science Policy Director Carrie Wolinetz has issued a statement on its official website, indicating that the agency decision, which have been banned previously, can help researchers agency`s. She says: “I am confident that the proposed changes will be given the opportunity to NIH researchers to move forward responsibly this scientific area.” She claims that human cells in animals is not new, and has been used many times in the biochemical industry.
As the statement says, “For decades, researchers have used animals containing human cells, to get a glimpse of biology and the development of many different human diseases. An example human tumor cells grown in mice to study the development of cancer and evaluate potential treatments. ”
But the NIH wants to do is very different from what the biochemical industry is doing. His proposal includes injection early stage of human embryonic stem cells in animals, which theoretically contribute to the development of this animal, which grows half human half animal. This is the main reason why critics oppose the study so hard.
On the other hand, others are supporting the study. Robert Klitzman, the Program Director of Columbia University` s Teacher of bioethics think that this decision by the NIH can help find a cure for many diseases. But `it s also aware that there should be an independent committee for the supervision of their work, in order to avoid possible abuses. As he says himself. “Direct research on schizophrenia, depression or Alzheimer’s is not possible because the` t open the brain of a living patient but also that don`t want a chimpanzee with human qualities, and this will create many moral issues. ”