When it comes to the hemoglobin in the blood, anemia is often something that people are aware. What many people, however, do not know is that this could be anemia due to iron deficiency or thalassemia.
While anemia iron deficiency can be controlled with medication and diet rich in content suitable iron, falling hemoglobin levels that occur because of thalassemia is a cause of concern and that people with the most severe form have to deal with regular blood transfusions basis of all life.
It is estimated
In India, according to studies, about 30 million people carry the beta thalassemia gene, and more than 7,000 newborns to be affected with the blood disease each year.
A genetic disorder, affected with it has restricted the production of hemoglobin, which is responsible for carrying oxygen in the blood person. There are two globin proteins hemoglobin – alpha and beta. Both are encoded by a single gene and a newborn has two copies of each, one for each parent.
If parents are carriers of the mutated or defective globin protein, then chances are that your children suffer from thalassemia. One or two mutated gene does not cause a lot of health problems, but these people usually remain anemic.
Severe forms of thalassemia alpha – alpha major or minor – is when newborns have three or more defective genes in hemoglobin. While those with higher alpha traits do not survive, those with beta thalassemia have to undergo regular blood transfusions for the sake of survival.
Blood: To find out if you are in Thalassemia Carrier
thalassemia carriers lead a normal life, but usually are anemic. It is difficult to gauge if they carry one or two genes mutated to go for the blood test.
When you have to go for blood tests:
– If you are easily fatigued
– If you have little appetite
– If you have a large spleen, heart or lung
– If you have bone problems
– growth If slowed
– If you delayed puberty
If you are diagnosed with anemia, and even after medication and proper diet condition does not improve, you should go for complete blood count or hemoglobin special tests to help us determine whether it is due to thalassemia or not.
While it is a fact that thalassemia carriers do not face any problem in leading a normal life, it is important to at least know they carry defective hemoglobin genes. A simple blood test may help to know their status and make a life partner who is not affected with the disease of the blood, so the next generation children are safe thalassemia is chosen.
For questions about thalassemia Consult a doctor in Lybrate .