Four cats die from misuse Spot-on Flea and Tick against [19459006products]
According to the Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, family four cats died in a recent four-week period because their owners treaties with Spot-on products intended for dogs. In a tragic case, the owners noticed fleas in her two cats, so apply “just a drop” of a spot-on flea topical treatment in each kitty. Within hours the two cats were very sick and one was having seizures. The owners immediately took the two kittens to a veterinary clinic, but none survived.
In this case, the owners knew flea treatment was intended to dogs, but thought a small amount would be safe for cats.
The manager practice at Greentree Animal Clinic, where the four cats were taken, said “I am very upset that the warning on the topic of canine flea -” Do not use in cats’ – it is so very small. I’d like you said ‘This product could kill your cat’ in big letters. “
staff Greentree contact the Pittsburgh Post-Gazette to help spread the word about the extreme danger of using Spot-on products indiscriminately.
Why spot-on flea and tick products can be dangerous to the health of your pet
apparently based on the deaths of these poor cats and comments made by the manager of the practice Greentree some problems with product labeling in place, perhaps not much has changed since the EPA issued its first warning on these products over four and a half years ago, in April 2009. what prompted that advises were more than 44,000 reports of adverse events during 2008, including 600 deaths. This was an increase of 50 percent of the reported incidents in a single year.
In March 2010, the EPA published the results of a yearlong study of Spot-On products. Their findings were as follows:
- Most adverse reactions were observed in dogs weighing 10 to 20 pounds.
- Reactions mixed breed dogs were most commonly reported, however, Chihuahua, Shih Tzu, Miniature Poodle, Pomeranian, Dachshund, Maltese, Yorkshire Terrier and Bichon seem to be particularly at risk.
- Products containing permethrin cyphenothrin and were especially problematic for small breed dogs.
- Most incidents occurred in dogs less than three years, probably in his first exposure to a product in place.
- Adverse reactions for dogs and cats were mainly the skin, gastrointestinal tract and nervous system related. Skin reactions include redness, itching, hair loss, sores and ulcers. Gastrointestinal symptoms include vomiting, diarrhea and excessive salivation. The nervous system symptoms reported include lethargy, nervousness, the ataxia (problems with movement), tremors and convulsions.
- A number of adverse reactions in cats were the result of the cat either being treated with a product intended for dogs, or through exposure to a treated dog. Cats treated with products for dogs had a particularly high rate of serious reactions and deaths.
- inert ingredients in the products of Spot-On is generally assumed that contribute to toxicity.
- dosage ranges are considered too large in some cases.
- product labeling was identified as the need for renewal in many cases.
Recommendations of the EPA and responses from pharmaceutical companies
on the basis of its findings, the EPA determined that product labels Spot-On necessary to provide warnings clearer against using treatments intended to dogs in cats. The agency also recommends that manufacturers lower doses recommended for some pets to avoid over-medication.
In September 2011, the EPA sent a letter to companies that manufacture products Spot-On, requesting that a draft labels and packaging to include changes this:
- larger font sizes on labels and images of animals that allow users to quickly determine if the product is for a dog or cat.
- precise language on labels of products for dogs that warns against use in cats, besides the repetition of the word “dog” or “cat” in the product instructions, plus the addition of a ‘ban on cat icon “in the lower right corner packages canine products.
- More language about the possibility of adverse and instructions on whom to contact if a reaction occurs reactions.
- more specific weight, appropriate weight ranges images, and the most clearly defined species, age and weight ranges.
The EPA asked the new draft label within six months, which would have been April [
In May 2012, the VIN (Veterinary Information Network ) News Service said, “ it is unclear whether manufacturers ultimately will make all suggested changes to the labels of the EPA.” EPA explained that “going back and forth” with businesses to adopt new labels and packaging, but the agency not confirm or deny whether the modified labels had in the market.
An EPA spokesman told the VIN News Service “Some registrants are proposing alternative language or an alternative approach to address the changes requested mitigation.”
A pair of Spot-On makers said they had already made changes to their labels. Others said they were still in talks with or were “working closely with” the EPA on the issue.
class action lawsuits Meanwhile, consumers who allege use Spot-On products caused skin irritation, paralysis, convulsions and death in their pets have filed against several spot-on drugmakers, including FidoPharm, Summit Vetpharm, Hartz Mountain Corp., sergeant care products pet, Bayer, Farnam, Merial and Wellmark.
Alternatives to Spot-On products