Small-scale pig farmers often use natural remedies as the first line of "treatment." If your sow is poorly constipated, feeding a ripe banana or juicy fruits (not from the kitchen) can make your intestines work again. If your weaned ones have diarrhea, some green bananas (again, not the kitchen waste) can help to unite them a little. If any of your flock has what could be a viral infection, a fresh and pleasant pineapple that contains the enzyme bromelain, which is known to destroy infectious viral epitopes and that reportedly has anti-inflammatory properties, may help. Honey produced locally in a wound to offer natural antiseptic protection is also often cited for human use to prevent infections.
Do these home remedies effectively treat these pigs? Who knows? And therein lies the problem with natural remedies to treat the disease. With the exception of the use of honey, there is no clinical scientific evidence on the validity of any of my methods working, and the scientific evidence of the use of honey is of "poor quality". We feel better after having noticed a medical condition and having administered something to "treat it," but, in reality, we are doing nothing but take off the cap to the problem, and most likely, if the pig recovers, I probably would anyway. .
The above treatments are homemade, but what about those sold in agricultural stores? According to the Veterinary Medicines Regulations of the United Kingdom, any product that makes claims of veterinary medicines must be authorized by the Veterinary Medicines Directorate. In the United States, the Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS) and the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) control product licenses. A licensed product has to clinically demonstrate its efficacy and safety for all animal species in which it is licensed for use, using solid clinical trials with predefined quality standards. Similar systems exist for most developed countries.
Natural remedies that show claims of "nutritional supplement or remedy", which are not licensed, do not require the manufacturer to present any evidence or evidence of efficacy. They are sold in the market because they are not subject to controls and a veterinary surgeon or a duly qualified person (SQP) is not required to make the purchase. That does not mean that they are dangerous for the individual animal. If adverse reactions occurred and were reported, other laws take effect to prevent the sale. The danger is when people buy such products, assuming that they perform a particular function, for example, deworming, and in reality the product does nothing and parasite levels accumulate, often without being seen, within the animal over time. .
Cattle breeders can be convinced that a product performs a certain function by using terms such as "scientifically prepared", "improves intestinal health" or "an effective alternative", but rarely indicates what an alternative is for, how Health is improved or what scientific methods have been used. Other statements, such as "approved organic system", do not mean that the product works for what you are being led to believe it does. It simply means that it does not contain an ingredient that contravenes an organic state, very, very different.
There are many natural products available for pigs: diatomaceous earth, herbal products for intestinal health, pumpkin seeds, cider vinegar, rosemary, activated charcoal, sugar, garlic flakes; and there is a great deal of anecdotal evidence of cattle breeders, all over the Internet, who claim that these products have worked successfully. However, what they all lack is the results of a clinical trial that demonstrates efficacy.
A published clinical trial compared the efficacy of a licensed drug (Group A), with an easily purchased herbal product (Group B) and an untreated group (Group C). Infected animals were randomly divided into groups and each group assigned a treatment or no treatment. Each product in Groups A and B was dosed as recommended by the product information, and then the fecal samples of each animal were examined for the presence of worm eggs over a period of two weeks. The results shown in Table 1 clearly show the efficacy of the licensed drug, with a very low number of detected worm eggs. In this trial, not providing any treatment resulted in fewer fecal parasite eggs than treatment with the herbal product.
The use of non-medicinal products is being scientifically researched, particularly in the pig and poultry industries. The use of pro and prebiotics, and the acidification of water are two concepts that are being explored as a prevention tool for pathogens, particularly Salmonella in pigs Salmonella It is a massive industry problem and due to the accumulation of antimicrobial resistance and the directive to reduce the use of antibiotics, multiple methodologies are considered essential.
The best approach to pig health remains to feed a balanced diet of high quality; Deworm and vaccinate regularly with licensed products. It is also essential to keep breeding and biosecurity standards high. If you want to use fewer chemicals for parasite control, perform worm counts in your pig's feces regularly and use a specific dewormer strategically.