Common symptoms of a mosquito bite include a small red bump and itching around the bite.
However, skeeter syndrome causes a person to experience more severe symptoms. The bites tend to swell to a very large size, and the person may also have a fever. The reaction tends to accumulate rapidly, usually in a few hours.
There are some home remedies that can help treat the symptoms of Skeeter syndrome. Medical procedures, such as immunotherapy, may also be an option for some people.
Skeeter syndrome is a severe allergic reaction to a mosquito bite.
The best way to treat skeeter syndrome is to avoid bites as much as possible. This includes taking precautions each time a person goes out, such as:
- Wear long sleeves and long pants to avoid skin exposure.
- wear a scarf or other garment to protect the neck
- carrying insect repellent and applying it generously
- Trying other repellent measures, such as candles or bracelets that contain citronella
- It does not carry bright colors, which can attract mosquitoes.
- Avoid areas where there is standing water.
- do not use strong perfumes
People who have very serious reactions may want to avoid going out when mosquitoes are most active, from dusk to dawn.
The American Academy of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology explains that DEET is an effective repellent and that products with 6 to 25% of DEET should be able to provide 2 to 6 hours of protection against mosquitoes.
However, some products can cause skin reactions in some people. For this reason, it is always best to try skin products on a small area of the skin before applying them to the rest of the body.
Treatments and home remedies.
There are several treatment options for people with Skeeter syndrome. These range from simple home remedies to more complex medical procedures.
Ice and elevation
For a bite that causes a reaction in a small area of the body, start with the simplest form of treatment.
Elevating the area and placing an ice pack can help reduce inflammation, soothe the sensations of pain and itching and reduce redness.
Applying oatmeal to the skin can help relieve the symptoms of skeeter syndrome.
Applying a mixture of cooked oatmeal in the area can also help reduce symptoms.
As a study in the Dermatology drug magazine found, oats have anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties.
This could explain its beneficial effect on the skin.
Applying oatmeal directly to the area or taking an oatmeal bath can help reduce itching and swelling and help a person find comfort.
If a bite does not respond to simple home remedies, some over-the-counter (OTC) medications can help a person feel better much faster.
For example, over-the-counter antihistamines, such as diphenhydramine (Benadryl), can temporarily reduce itching and swelling.
Some topical corticosteroid creams can also help temporarily calm the reaction to a mosquito bite. Over-the-counter medications such as hydrocortisone (Cortaid) should be sufficient in most cases.
If a person knows that they have severe reactions to mosquito bites that do not respond well enough to these creams, your doctor may prescribe slightly stronger treatments.
Although the symptoms of Skeeter syndrome are manageable for most people who use over-the-counter remedies, more severe cases may require medical treatment.
Allergen immunotherapy, or injections for allergy, is a more permanent solution to severe allergic reactions from insect bites such as mosquitoes.
Allergy vaccines work in a similar way to vaccines. An allergist will inject a person with very small amounts of a particular allergen. By increasing the amount of allergen in each injection over time, immunotherapy can help the body build its own defenses against the proteins that cause allergies in mosquitoes.
However, immunotherapy with allergens takes time. the American Academy of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology Keep in mind that a person may take up to 18 months or more to notice an improvement in their symptoms.
In addition, it is possible that a person should continue to receive allergy shots for 3 to 5 years after successful treatment.
People with Skeeter syndrome are allergic to the proteins in mosquito saliva. Although most people are allergic to these proteins to some degree, people with Skeeter syndrome have a more severe reaction than others.
Some people may be more likely to experience skeeter syndrome, such as those who are allergic to stinging insects. People with weaker immune systems, such as young children and older adults, may also have a stronger reaction to mosquito bites.
Normally, the human body accumulates immunity to certain allergens over time. Because of this, children may have more severe reactions to mosquito bites than adults, since their bodies have not yet had time to develop this immunity.
How long does it last
An allergic reaction to a mosquito bite will usually heal in a few days.
The allergic reactions of skeeter syndrome appear quickly, which causes symptoms of skin irritation to appear in the first hours. Skin symptoms include:
A person may also occasionally experience a fever.
In children, these symptoms can appear in as little as 20 minutes, as a study in the Asia Pacific Journal of Allergy and Immunology he found. This may be surprising, but it is usually not a cause for serious concern unless the child shows signs of anaphylaxis. Anaphylaxis is a serious allergic reaction that can be fatal if a person does not receive immediate medical attention.
The symptoms appear quickly, but usually do not last long. In general, if an infection does not occur in the area, the bite will heal and the symptoms will disappear completely within a few days.
It is important to avoid scratching or soiling the area as it heals. Severe reactions may be more prone to infection. Infected stings can develop into boils, which take longer to heal and have their own complications.
Regularly clean the bites with warm water and a hypoallergenic soap.
Skeeter syndrome and pregnancy
Pregnant women who experience Skeeter syndrome during pregnancy should work directly with their doctor to find treatment options that do not affect their baby.
Although many topical or over-the-counter options may be available, women who are pregnant or breastfeeding should still discuss everything they plan to use with a doctor first.
When to see a doctor
When a person has a stronger reaction to a mosquito bite, it is better to make an appointment with an allergist. They can help identify or confirm the allergy and can offer other useful treatments to move forward.
Anyone who has a severe reaction to mosquito bites should consider seeking medical attention. Signs of anaphylaxis are very rare with mosquito bites, but they can still occur.
People who have trouble breathing or symptoms such as wheezing or swelling in the face, throat or mouth should seek emergency medical attention.
Skeeter syndrome causes a significant allergic reaction to a mosquito bite. Although many people find that these symptoms are manageable using only home remedies, others may need specialized treatment.
Avoiding mosquito bites is the best way to prevent such reactions. There may also be some long-term treatment options available to help reduce a person's reaction over time.
People with Skeeter syndrome should work with their doctor or allergist to find a solution that works to control their symptoms.