The hiccups start suddenly and are often not considered a serious illness. However, if they endure, it could become a worrying health problem. While the hiccups can be easily stopped by a number of techniques, they can sometimes be extremely persistent. Hiccups, which can be intermittent or sequential, can create stress. In addition, hiccups that last more than 48 hours could be the symptom of serious diseases such as laryngeal diseases, lung and brain tumors, pericarditis and blockage of blood vessels in the brain. Professor Dr. Mustafa Asım Şafak from the Department of Otolaryngology at Antalya Memorial Hospital provided information on the hiccups.
The hiccups are caused by rhythmic contractions of the diaphragm, one of the respiratory muscles, and sometimes by the contraction of the muscles between the ribs, creating a sudden and rapid breathing action interrupted by the closure of the vocal cords. It is called hiccups due to the "hic" sound that occurs during spasms. You can continue repeating approximately 4-60 times per minute. The types of hiccups are classified according to their duration. If they last less than 48 hours, they are hypo acute; those that last from 2 to 30 days are "persistent" and those that last more than 1 month are called "unbearable" hiccups.
Hiccups usually occur as a result of gastrointestinal and central nervous system disorders. Acute hiccups usually occur in children and usually resolve spontaneously. When they persist, they can make your life unbearable. They can make it much harder for you to eat, sleep and socialize. There are more than 100 identified causes of hiccups, but in cases of persistent hiccups, diseases of the central nervous system should be considered.
The causes that cause hiccups are the following:
l reflux disease
Stretch the stomach with excess food or soft drinks.
Excessive consumption of spicy spices.
Excessive alcohol consumption.
Stimulation of the lungs with cigarettes or irritating odors.
State of enthusiasm or extreme sadness.
If hiccups are the only complaint, brain diseases are often ruled out since there are no other symptoms. Reflux disease and hernias are among the first possible causes. Cardiac diseases such as coronary artery disease, pericarditis and aortic aneurysm should be investigated. Nasal, nasal and laryngeal diseases should be investigated, and foreign bodies of the external auditory canal should be considered. Hiccups can also be caused by electrolyte imbalances, uremia, hyperglycemia, intoxication or the side effects of certain medications. Hiccups can also arise as a result of psychological conditions, such as excessive anxiety, excessive stress and euphoria.
A series of physical movements can be effective for the treatment of sudden onset and hiccups in the short term. These are noise and nasal applications, vagus nerve stimulation and respiratory maneuvers. For the treatment of persistent and unbearable hiccups, it is very important to identify the underlying disease. However, it may be necessary to resort to symptomatic drug treatments in cases where the cause of the disease cannot be determined or the underlying disease cannot be treated.
The seven improvised methods that can be applied to help stop the hiccups include:
Smell a spicy substance like lemon or ammonia.
Taking a deep breath and holding it
Touching the back of the tongue with a small spoon to stimulate the gag reflex in the throat
Swallow ice or drink ice water
Wash the face with cold water or apply a cold compress on the face.