Cartilage is a flexible connective tissue found in the joints of the hands and feet. Ears, nose, airways and chest are made of cartilage. Cartilage is lighter than the bones and heavier than muscle. It is elastic, and its role is to adapt the movements and overcome a lot of pressure incurred in the movement of the bones. Cartilage is the main carrier for joint mobility and relieves the friction resulting from movement. Articular cartilage is composed of cells and matrix choanocyte whose main component is collagen.
Over the years the cartilage begins to consume and create big trouble performing daily activities. Aging is a natural process of passing the cartilage, but the big problem is obesity, because it is putting additional pressure on the joints, especially the knees, making movement more difficult.
excessive physical activity, take things too heavy and the use of machines that cause large vibrations lead to depletion of cartilage in the joints. The restoration and recovery of damaged joints is painful and difficult and requires appropriate therapies.
Despite the damage, cartilage is vulnerable to diseases such as osteoarthritis, which affects all joints in the body. The disease leads to loss of the layer between bones in joints which increases the pressure and causes inflammation and pain, and the muscles around the bones become significantly weaker.
The disease can be caused by injury or a combination of several factors: age, stress, obesity, genetic factor. Osteoarthritis affects more men than women. The men are diagnosed usually more than 40 years old.
Osteoarthritis begins to slowly grow dull pain thumb, knee and hip. It is very difficult to diagnose the disease, and the onset of pain is negligible. Depending on the extent of disease therapy for treatment it is determined.
classical medicine treats the disease with paracetamol in a form of ibuprofen and diclofen. If these remedies do not help you deal nonsteroidal antirheumatic, regulation of body weight and light exercise. The last option is surgery for the treatment or the application of hyaluronic acid injections.
Chondrolysis is a disease which occurs in cartilage matrix as necrosis surface of the joint surface or cracks. It can occur during injury, infection or prolonged immobilization of joints.
chondromalacia is a disease of the joints and is followed by widespread pain in any movement. It occurs most often in adolescence, especially among girls, but is characteristic with deformities of the legs in the form of “X” and “O” or uneven leg length.
achondroplasia is a hereditary disease that occurs as a result of a genetic mutation. In this disease the problem is the transformation of cartilage into bone, that is, ossification, resulting perturbations in the development of dwarfism.
spinal disc herniation is a disease that usually affects older people. This disease damages the intervertebral disc. As a result of lifting very heavy material and sudden bending and twisting of the spine that can come to seepage through the core of the disc through the annulus damaged vertebrae and pressure on nerves that pass through spine. If the ligament is divided connecting the vertebrae is very likely to come through an increase of a herniated disc that causes a lot of pain.
cartilage tumors are very rare and can develop primarily in the bones. Chondroma is benign, while chondrosarcoma is a malignant tumor of articular cartilage.
However, as always, the diet can prevent cartilage damage. You should consume foods rich in vitamins and amino acids, and especially ensure that the intake of amino acid called lysine, which can be accessed through legumes, eggs, soybeans, yogurt, cheese, nuts. Another important ingredient is chondroitin maintains the elasticity and mobility of the joints and can be introduced into the body through the consumption of seafood, lobsters and crabs.
Foods that are rich in vitamins help restore and preserve joint cartilage.
When it comes to treating cartilage is advisable to consume foods rich in vitamin A, such as fish oil, dairy products, vegetable colors, tomatoes, peppers, carrots, beets …
helps restore collagen having an important role in the formation of tendons and ligaments function. It is recommended to introduce about 90 mg of vitamin C daily through supplements or citrus: orange, lemon, grapefruit, kiwi and vegetables :. Peppers and lettuce
Failure vitamin D can cause arthritis and may also lead to a joint disease. This vitamin is produced by sun exposure. The second option for this vitamin is through consumption of foods such as fish, shellfish, butter, dairy products …
The vitamin K
This vitamin controls the mineralization of bones and supports the development of bone tissue. Lettuce, parsley and olive oil are all rich in this vitamin. The recommended dose is 125 mg. for men and 90 mg. women.
Alternative medicine also has to offer several ways to treat arthritis and joint pain.
Renewal of cartilage in a natural way
The most effective way to restore the damaged cartilage natural remedy is bovine gelatin. When it comes to the composition, bovine gelatin is very similar to cartilage. It is rich in amino acids, proteins and collagen. If you regularly consume you will be able positive results very quickly. It is recommended to consume 10 grams of this jelly one day and the treatment lasts for 30 days. After you need to pause for 6 months.
Red and knee pain
in order to treat this health condition, there are two types of coatings can be applied. Both have immediate effect:
– Coating made of sour milk mixed with a little oil. It has to be applied on the inflamed knee and then wrapped with a cotton cloth. Since sour milk takes heat, it means that this layer helps reduce inflammation.
– coating made of cabbage leaves: The leaves are previously crushed and rubbed on the knee injury and then the knee has to be wrapped with a cotton fabric. The coating must act for two hours.
Nettle tea is recommended for the treatment of chronic pain. This tea is rich in silicate acid and can help reduce pain. The tea is prepared as follows: 200 ml. of warm water is poured over two teaspoons of nettle. The mixture should stand still for 15-20 minutes. Thus the prepared tea consumed three times daily.
Physical therapy is another effective method for the reduction and elimination of pain in the joints. We can talk about the application of a magnet and a LED lamp that reduces swelling, pain, stiffness, and have no harmful effects.
Acupuncture is also one of the ways to relieve pain, as it acts on the immune system, reduces stress and increases the body’s resistance.
Baths and treatment of healing waters and mud also have positive effects particularly in patients with arthritis because the therapeutic act in the affected joints.