Natural Health News – Giving a baby a probiotic during the first three months of life appears reduce the appearance of cramps and other gastrointestinal disorders and result in lower health care costs.
Infantile colic, acid reflux and constipation are the most common gastrointestinal disorders that lead to a pediatrician referral during the first six months of life. They are often responsible for hospitalization, changes in diet, drug use, parental anxiety and loss of work days parents, according to studio background.
The study, which was published in JAMA Pediatrics comes quickly after an analysis 2013 trials of probiotics for colic in the same journal. This study examined 12 studies – half of which benefit was found and half of whom did not. The authors of the analysis concluded that there was still sufficient evidence to give a “definitive answer” on whether probiotics are an effective treatment for colic and crying in babies.
Adding to the evidence
In the current study, Italian researchers from Moro University Aldo de Bari, Italy, randomized 554 infants in nine units in Italy for pediatric oral drops of probiotics Lactobacillus reuteri DSM 17938 (DSM 17938 L. reuteri) or placebo for 90 days.
The probiotic was delivered in a mixture of pharmaceutical grade sunflower oils and medium chain triglycerides supplied in a dark bottle dropper cap. Five drops daily delivered 100 million viable microorganisms.
Parents were asked to journal entries the number of episodes of vomiting and bowel emptying, inconsolable crying duration and the number of pediatric visits. It changed daily crying time, vomiting, constipation and the cost benefits of using probiotic supplements was measured during the period of three months.
At three months of age, infants in the probiotic group were crying half of each day (38 vs 71 minutes). There were significantly fewer vomiting probiotics (2.9 vs. 4.6 days) and infants receiving probiotics were also less constipation. The use of prebiotics also a profitable option. During the study families £ 73 ($ 119), and community £ 86 ($ 141), about the cost of conventional treatments for colic was saved.
“Driving a change of colonization during the first weeks of life through giving lactobacilli can promote improved intestinal permeability, visceral sensitivity and mast cell density and probiotic administration can represent a new strategy for the prevention of these conditions, at least in children predisposed “conclude the authors.
This study was supported by BioGaia AB , Sweden, which provided active product and placebo study.