A study commissioned by the agency under the Ministry of Health, the Drug Technical Advisory Board (DTAB) has found five different toxins – heavy metals antimony, lead, cadmium and chromium and DEHP or di (2-ethylhexyl) phthalate composite soft drink brands owned by two large multinational companies PepsiCo and Coca-Cola Indian Express has reported.
Apart from its own products, PepsiCo owns 7Up and Mountain Dew, Sprite and Coca Cola owns. The report added that toxins are leached in five samples of soft drinks from PET (polyethylene terephthalate) bottles are contained in beverages. The level of leaching of toxins will increase with increasing temperature, it was added.
The test results were presented to Mr. Jagdish Prasad, who is the Director General of Health Services and president of DTAB by the All India Institute of Hygiene and Public Health (AIIH and PH) a few days ago. In a report by the Institute last year found that several drugs packaged in PET bottles contain heavy metals. Prasad did not respond to questions sent by Indian Express according to the report.
“We have not received any indication or a copy of the reports of those trials and without an understanding of the methodology used, would be unable to comment on the reports. Having said this, we would like to reiterate that all our products conform to Food Safety and Standards Regulation. We would like to reiterate emphatically that our products meet the permissible limits of heavy metals such as provided in these rules. “replied the spokesman for PepsiCo India. Coca Cola India refused to answer. Queries sent to manufacturers of PET bottles Association did not get any response, the report says.
According to Indian standards, there is no permissible limits of heavy metals in cold drinks, but tests found Pepsi contains 0.029 milligrams per liter (mg / L), 0.011 mg / L, 0.002 mg / L , 0.017 mg / L and 0.028 mg / L of antimony, lead, cadmium, chromium and DEHP and it found that Coke contains 0.006 mg / L, 0.009 mg / L, 0.011 mg / L, 0.026 mg / L and 0.026 mg / L of the above heavy metals respectively. The results were the same in case of Sprite, 7Up and Mountain Dew as well.
It was observed that the leaching of heavy metals toxin PET bottles increases with rising ambient temperature. At room temperature, the evidence found 0,004 mg / L and 0,007 mg / L lead in Seven Up and Sprite, respectively, but when the bottles were maintained at 40 degrees Celsius for 10 days, the amount of lead increased to 0.006 mg / L and 0.009 mg / L, respectively.
WHO says lead affects humans evil where children are most vulnerable to it, “Lead can have serious consequences for the health of children. At high levels of exposure, lead attacks the brain and the central nervous system to cause coma, convulsions and even death. children who survive severe lead poisoning can be with mental retardation and behavioral disorders, “said wHO. “Cadmium has toxic effects on the kidney, skeletal system and the respiratory system and is classified as a human carcinogen,” says WHO.
Lead and cadmium are listed by the World Health Organization in their top ten lists of chemicals ‘important public health problem.’ Chromium, antimony and DEHP are dangerous to humans.
In a study in 2015, the AIIH and PH study conducted in PET bottles used for packaging of pharmaceutical preparations were carried out and found that antimony, lead, chromium and DEHP had leached into them .
Four bottles of 600 ml were collected by the AIIH and PH for testing and delivered to the National Chamber Test in Calcutta, under the Ministry of Consumer Affairs. The study was conducted by AIIH and PH in Calcutta, under the Ministry of Health of the Union, which have been led by the DTAB, reported Indian Express .