Natural Health News – Eat more mushrooms may help reduce levels of blood sugar after a meal benefiting both healthy people and those with diabetes, a new study has found.
Sri Lankan researchers studied the effects of two types of mushrooms: mushroom oyster ( Pleurotus ostreatus ) and abalone mushroom ( Pleurotus cystidiosus ) and published their findings in the journal Phytotherapy Research .
88 healthy people were recruited and randomized to one of four groups: two control groups, and two groups of fungi that received either P. ostreatus or P . cystidiosus preparations at a dose of / kg 50 mg / body for two weeks. In addition, researchers also assigned 14 type 2 diabetics to receive a dose of 50 mg / kg / body weight of individual preparations of fungi.
Better glucose control
During the study two types of glucose tests were performed on blood that measure levels of fasting and postprandial (after 0meal). High levels of glucose after fasting is a sign of pre-diabetes and may be a risk factor for heart disease, even those who are not diabetic, while postprandial test can evaluate if the body is producing the amount correct insulin in response to food intake.
The results of healthy volunteers indicated that P. ostreatus fasting glucose and postprandial significantly reduced levels of 6.1% and 16.4%, respectively, while P . cystidiosus significantly reduced fasting and postprandial glucose levels of 6.4% and 12.1%
preparations mushrooms were also associated with improvements in levels of fasting glucose and postprandial in diabetics, while increased insulin levels.
A functional food
According to the World Health Organization (WHO), diabetes affects more than 220 million people worldwide and consequences of high blood sugar kill 3.4 million every year. If these statistics were not scary enough, the WHO is predicting deaths will double between 2005 and 2030.
The total costs associated with the disease in the US They are intended only to be as much as $ 174 billion, $ 116 billion would be the direct costs of medicines, according to figures 2005-2007 American Diabetes Association.
Researchers speculate that mushroom extracts may influence the activity of a glucokinase enzyme called an important sensor of glucose levels in the body.
Indeed b mushrooms OTH associated with increased glucokinase secretion (GK), added, and decreased glycogen synthase kinase (GSK), which promotes the formation of glycogen in liver from glucose (and reducing glucose levels).
“ P. ostreatus and P. cystidiosus exerted significant hypoglycemic effect in healthy volunteers exposed to glucose and type 2 diabetic patients on diet control” the researchers wrote. “Fungi are neither hepatotoxic [toxic to the liver] or nephrotoxic [toxic to the kidneys]. Therefore, this study confirmed the suitability of P . Ostreatus and P. cystidiosus as a functional food for diabetic patients. ”