Natural Health News – If you have heart disease, following a Mediterranean diet could substantially reduce their risk of premature death, according to a new study.
The study findings were presented at the recent international meeting of European Society of Cardiology .
Many scientific studies have shown that a traditional Mediterranean style of life is associated with a lower risk of several chronic diseases and, more importantly, death from all causes.
But so far the research has focused on the general population, which is mainly composed of healthy people. What happens to people who have already suffered from cardiovascular disease? It is the optimum Mediterranean diet for them too?
What you need to know
“ the Mediterranean diet, which emphasizes fresh fruits and vegetables, fish instead of red meat and plenty of olive oil, is widely regarded as a health way of eating.
“ Previous studies have shown that a Mediterranean diet is a good way to prevent cardiovascular disease in healthy people, but there is little guide us in benefits for those already suffering from heart disease.
“ This new study found that those with pre-existing cardiovascular disease, strict adherence to a Mediterranean diet reduces the risk of premature death at up to 37%.
“ This is an important finding since conventional treatment for heart disease, statins only reduces the risk of premature death around 18%.
A different study group
Learn Italian researchers recruited about 25,000 adults living in the Italian region of Molise.
Among the participants, the researchers identified 1197 people who reported a history of cardiovascular disease, such as coronary artery disease and stroke, at the time of registration
The food intake was recorded by a frequency questionnaire special foods. Adherence to the Mediterranean diet was assessed with a Mediterranean diet score 9 points (MDS).
During a follow up period of about seven years the researchers found that the more strictly a person adhered to the Mediterranean diet lower their risk of premature death. For example, a small increase of 2 points in the MDS was associated with a reduced risk of death 21%, even after controlling for age, sex, caloric intake, smoking, physical activity and a variety of other factors risks including high cholesterol, diabetes and even cancer who were present at baseline.
people with greater adherence to the Mediterranean diet (a score of 6-9 points) had a 37% lower risk of death compared with those with the lowest.
This is an important finding because the traditional drug treatment for cardiovascular disease, statins only reduce the risk of premature death by 18%. What’s more, many doctors believe that the adverse effect of statins, which include severe muscle pain and liver damage are greater than their benefits.
deepened their research Researchers examined the role played by the different foods that make up the Mediterranean diet.
“The main contributors to the reduction in mortality risk was increased consumption of vegetables, fish, fruits, nuts and monounsaturated fatty acids – ie olive oil,” said Dr. Marialaura Bonaccio, lead author of the study
These components of the diet are perhaps most famous as part of the Mediterranean diet, but they are not exclusive to it. The call new Nordic diet , which uses food more substantially and sustainably and seasonally available for those living in northern climates, also contains these components has already been shown that loss aid weight helps – a contributor to cardiovascular disease