What is a fracture or a broken jaw?
A fractured jaw, also known as a fracture of the jaw is a fairly common injury face. jaw fracture is believed to be the most common fracture injury tenth in the human body and the related third most common fracture face. In most injuries, nose and cheekbone break more often.
How you can fracture the jaw?
jaw fractures usually occur due to trauma or injury to the underside. Some of the most common reasons that can cause a severe fracture of the jaw are:
- A sudden and terrible fall
- injury Vehicle / fall Bicycle, Cycle
- physical collision
- a punch
- sudden blow to the dashboard of a car
Some of the common symptoms of a broken jaw are:
- Stiffness in the jaw
- Swelling of the face
- bruises on the face
- Boca Bleeding
- discomfort in the mouth wide open
- difficulty eating, pain and tenderness
- the face becomes numb
- there seems to be a lump in his cheek or jaw
- sometimes the teeth become loose
- the misalignment of teeth
If the jaw is broken, an x-ray can help determine the situation. To determine the fracture of the maxilla, you would require a TC. If there is any question of damage to the spine, neck x-ray is required. Similarly, to determine any injury to the brain, a brain CT scan is performed. An eye examination is performed to rule out any eye damage and vision.
first aid and treatment
As soon as the jaw is affected traumatically, the focus should be on reducing pain and prevent movement of the jaw. The treatment of a fractured jaw is based on maintaining the rest jaws so that the bone can heal. For this purpose, the bandage around the upper jaw of the head is recommended. For normal fractures, swallowing difficult things should be avoided for a few days and only a soft diet must be followed, along with pain medication. Is required
Surgery in severe fractures. Because fractures, swelling or severe bleeding blocks airway. In that case, the doctor opened the passages by inserting an endotracheal tube so that the patient can breathe properly. Following precautions during treatment helps in faster recovery.
As regards the treatments jaw wiring the opposite teeth is made, which is left in place for 6 to 8 weeks. Elastic or rubber bands are used for the purpose of maintaining teeth together, they separate later to allow movement and reduce stiffness. During this treatment should consume only liquids or soft foods. However, we must not forget to keep the scissors to cut the elastic or wires in the case of a choke or vomit. After several weeks of wiring, exercises are essential to strengthen the jaws.
broken jaw is a medical condition difficult to treat. One should always consult a reputable dentist experienced in repairing fractured jaws, otherwise the repair process of the jaw may take longer than usual.