For his pioneering work on yeast cells Japanese scientist Yoshinori Ohsumi the prestigious 2016 Nobel Prize in Medicine was announced on Monday the Nobel committee award.
Yoshinori Ohsumi discoveries are of great importance for medicine field for better understanding of diseases such as cancer, Parkinson’s, Huntington’s disease and type 2 diabetes, the Nobel Prize committee observed.
“Ohsumi discoveries led to a new paradigm in understanding how the cell recycles its content,” said the Nobel Committee, stating his name as the winner.
His discoveries unraveled a key mechanism in the defense system of the human body on how to degrade and recycle our cell components, it has been called “autophagy” or “self-feeding”.
Ohsumi receive prize of Medicine 8 million kronor (933,000), the Committee said in a statement. Ohsumi born in 1945 in Fukuoka, Japan.
Currently a professor at the prestigious Tokyo Institute of Technology Japan where he joined in 2009.
Japanese media said he was “very honored” to receive the prestigious award. In a talk with Japanese broadcaster NHK, the scientist said he “always wanted to do something that other people would not do.”
“I think the breakdown (of cells) would be interesting, and that was my start,” he added in the interview. He began his work during the 1990s and his work has been called “paradigm shift” and plotting to break into medicine by experts.
Their findings are called “pioneer” in the field of discovering the genes that regulate autophagy. They could help reveal how errors in these genes could lead to a wide variety of diseases.
David Rubinsztein, deputy director of the Institute of the University of Cambridge for Medical Research, noted that Ohsumi had helped the scientific community worldwide to have “basic tools” to unravel the mystery behind how autophagy altered could cause diseases such as infectious diseases, cancer and even loss of memory, such as Huntington’s disease and Parkinson’s.