How to Help Someone with PTSD

Understanding PTSD and its impact on relations

PTSD can take a heavy load about relationships. It can be difficult to understand your loved behavior why he or she is less affectionate and more volatile. You may feel like you’re walking on eggshells or living with a stranger. You may have to assume a greater share of household tasks facing the frustration of a loved one that will not open, or even cope with anger or disruptive behavior. Symptoms of PTSD can also lead to job loss, substance abuse and other problems affecting the whole family.

is difficult not to take symptoms of PTSD personally, but it is important to remember that a person with PTSD may not always have control over their behavior.

  • nervous system of your loved one is “stuck” in a state of constant alert, constantly feeling vulnerable and insecure.
  • This can lead to anger, irritability, depression, lack of confidence, and other symptoms of PTSD that your loved one can not simply choose to disable.
  • With the right support, however, the nervous system of your loved one can become “unstuck” and he or she can move from the traumatic situation.

Helping someone with PTSD Tip # 1: Provide social support

It is common for people with PTSD withdraw from family and friends. While it is important to respect the limits of their loved one, your comfort and support can help the person with PTSD to overcome feelings of helplessness, pain and despair. In fact, experts believe that the support of trauma face to face others is the most important in the recovery of post-traumatic stress disorder factor.

How to support someone with PTSD

Knowing how best to demonstrate their love and support for someone with PTSD is not always easy. You can not force your loved one to improve, but you can play an important role in the healing process just spend time together.

  • Do not push your loved one to talk. can be very difficult for people with PTSD to talk about their traumatic experiences. For some, it may even make things worse. Instead, let them know you are willing to listen when they want to talk, or just hang out when they do not. Comfort for a person with PTSD comes from feeling committed and accepted by you, not necessarily to speak.
  • Do things “normal” with your loved one , things that have nothing to do with PTSD or traumatic experience. Encourage your loved one to participate in the rhythmic exercise involving both arms and legs, find friends, and pursue hobbies that give pleasure. Take a fitness class together, go dancing, or set a regular lunch date with friends and family.
  • Let your loved one take the initiative instead of him or her what to do counting. All people with PTSD is different, but most people instinctively know what makes them feel calm and safe. Watch for signs your loved one as to how we can provide better support and companionship.
  • Manage your own stress . The more calm, relaxed and focused you are, you can better help a loved one with PTSD.
  • Be patient. Recovery is a process that takes time and often involves setbacks. The important thing is to stay positive and maintain support for your loved one.
  • Learn about PTSD. The more you know about the symptoms, effects and treatment options, the better equipped you will be to help your loved one, understand what he or she is going, and keep things in perspective.
  • Accept (and expect) mixed feelings. As you move through the emotional wringer to, be prepared for a complicated mix of feelings, some of whom never want to admit. Just remember, have negative feelings toward your family does not mean they do not love.

Helping someone with PTSD Tip # 2: Be a good listener

  • While you should not push a person with PTSD to speak, if they decide to share, try to listen without expectations or judgments. Make it clear that interests you and that you care, but do not worry about giving advice. Is the act of listening carefully is useful for your loved one, not what you say. A person with PTSD may have to talk about the traumatic event over and over again. This is part of the healing process, so avoid the temptation to tell your loved one to stop rehashing the past and move on.
  • Some of the things your loved one tells you it could be very difficult to hear, but it is important to respect their feelings and reactions. If you come across as disapproval or judgment, it is unlikely to open up to you again.

traps communication to avoid

  • Give easy answers or cheerfully tell the person that everything will be fine
  • Stop the person to talk about their feelings or fears
  • Offering unsolicited advice or tell the person what he or she “should” do
  • Blaming all their relationship problems or family stress disorder posttraumatic person
  • void, minimize or deny the experience of the person
  • Giving ultimatums or make threats or demands
  • making the person feel weak because they are not doing front as well as other
  • Tell the person they were lucky it was not worse
  • Taking again with their own personal experiences or feelings

How help someone with PTSD tip # 3: Rebuilding trust and security

Trauma alters the way a person sees the world, making it seem like a perpetually dangerous and frightening place. Also impacts negatively on people to trust others and themselves. Anything you can do to rebuild the sense of your loved one security contribute to recovery.

  • Express your commitment to the relationship. let the person know you’re here for the long term so that he or she feels loved and supported.
  • Create routines. Structure and predictable schedules can restore a sense of stability and security to people with PTSD, both adults and children. That may mean helping with food or household chores, for example, maintain a regular schedule for meals, or simply “being there” for the person.
  • minimize stress at home. Try to ensure that your loved one has andrelaxation space and time to rest.
  • Speaking of the future and make plans. This can help counter the common feeling among people with PTSD that their future is limited.
  • Keep your promises. help rebuild trust by being trustworthy. Be consistent and follow through on the things you say you’ll do.
  • emphasize the strengths of your loved one. Tell your loved one that you think he or she is able to recover and point out all the positive qualities and successes of your loved one.
  • Encourage your loved one to join a support group. Getting involved with others who have been through similar traumatic experiences can help some people with PTSD feel less damaged and alone.

Helping someone with PTSD Tip # 4: Anticipate and manage triggers

A trigger is anything a person, place, thing or situation that reminds his family members and trauma launches a symptom of post-traumatic stress disorder, as a flashback.

  • Sometimes, the triggers are obvious (eg, a military veteran could be triggered by loud noises that sound like gunshots).
  • Others may take some time to identify and understand. For example, maybe a song was playing when the traumatic event happened, and now that song is a trigger.
  • feelings and inner feelings can also trigger symptoms of PTSD.
Types of triggers PTSD
common external triggers
  • images, sounds and smells associated with the trauma
  • people, places, or things that recall the trauma
  • dates or times significant, such as anniversaries or a specific time of day
  • Nature (certain types of weather, seasons, etc.)
  • Conversations or media coverage of the traumas or negative news
  • situations feel confining (stuck in traffic, in the doctor’s office, in a crowd)
  • relationship, family, school, work or the pressures of money or arguments
  • Funeral, hospitals or medical treatment
internal triggers common
  • the physical, such as hunger, thirst, fatigue, illness and sexual frustration
  • malaise Any bodily sensation reminiscent of the trauma, including pain, old wounds and scars, or a similar injury
  • strong emotions, especially feelings of helplessness, out of control, or trapped
  • feelings toward family members, including a mixture of feelings of love, vulnerability and resentment

Talking to his being wanted on triggers

Consult with your loved one about the things he or she did in the past in response to a trigger that seemed to help (as well as those who did not). Then you can reach a joint game plan of how they will respond in the future.

  • Asked what your loved one would like to do during a nightmare flashback, or panic .
  • Having a plan in place will make the situation less frightening for both. It will also be in a much better position to help your loved one calm down.

How to help out in the middle of a panic attack or flashback

During a flashback, people often feel a sense of dissociation, as if they were separate of his own body. Anything you can do to “land” will help.

  • Tell them that they are having a flashback and that although it feels real, is not actually happen again
  • help remind your environment (for example, ask them to look around the room and describe aloud what they see)
  • encourage them to take slow deep breaths (hyperventilation increase feelings of panic)
  • Avoid sudden movements or anything that can scare them
  • Question before touching them. Touching or putting their arms around the person who could make him or her feel trapped, which can lead to increased unrest and even violence

Helping someone with disorder Post traumatic stress tip # 5: Coping with volatility and anger

PTSD can lead to difficulty managing emotions and impulses. In their loved one, this can manifest as extreme irritability, moodiness, or angry outbursts.

Understanding Anger in PTSD

People suffering from PTSD live in a constant state of physical and emotional stress. Since they usually have trouble sleeping, this means they are constantly exhausted, on edge, strung out and physically increasing the likelihood that they will overreact to stressors of everyday life.

For many people with PTSD, anger can also be a cover for other feelings such as sadness, hopelessness or guilt. Anger makes them feel powerful rather than weak and vulnerable. For others, they try to suppress their anger until it explodes when you least expect it.

  • Watch for signs that your loved one is angry as jaw clenching fists or talking louder, or be shaken. Take steps to calm the situation as soon as you see the early warning signs.
  • Try to stay calm. During an emotional outburst, do your best to stay calm. This will communicate to your loved one that is “safe” and prevent the situation from escalating.
  • Give the person space. avoid crowds or grab the person. This can make a traumatized person feel threatened.
  • Ask how you can help For example: .. “What can I do to help at this time” may also suggest a time out or change scenario
  • priority to safety. If the person becomes more annoying despite his attempts to calm him down, leave the house or lock himself in a room. Call 911 if you fear that your loved one can hurt themselves and others.

Learning to control anger

Anger is a normal, healthy, but when chronic emotion, explosive anger is out of control, which can have serious consequences for a person’s relationships, health and mood. You can get anger under control by exploring the underlying problems and learn healthier ways to express their feelings.

Helping someone with PTSD Tip # 6: Take care of yourself

Let PTSD from his family dominate your life without having into account their needs is a sure recipe for burnout. In order to have the strength to be there for your loved one in the long run, you have to feed and take care of himself.

  • Take care of your physical needs :. getting enough sleep, exercise regularly, eat properly and take care of any medical problems
  • Cultivate your own support system. Magro in other family members, trusted friends, your own therapist or support group, or community of faith. Talking about your feelings and what will happen can be very cathartic.
  • make time for your own life. Do not give to friends, hobbies or activities that make you happy. It is important to have things in your life to look forward to.
  • Spread the responsibility. Ask other family members and friends for assistance so you can take a break. You may also want to look Respite in your community.
  • Set limits. Be realistic about what you can give. Know your limits, communicate to a family member and others involved, and stick to them.

Trauma can be “contagious”

Caring for a person with PTSD may lead to the possibility of secondary traumatization. You can develop your own symptoms of hearing the stories of trauma or exposure to the symptoms of fear as flashbacks. The more exhausted and overwhelmed you feel, the greater the risk that can be traumatized.

Support for caregivers of veterans

If the person you are caring for a veteran US, financial support and care may be available. Visit VA Caregiver Support to explore your options, or call Training care at (888) 823-7458.

If you want to learn skills to connect to others so that reduce stress and anxiety, FEELING loved may help.

Resources and references

General help for people with PTSD and their families

National Suicide Prevention – This 24-hour hotline for anyone in emotional distress :. 1-800-273-TALK (8255)

Sidran Institute – A non-profit organization that helps people understand, recovery and treatment of PTSD. It includes a reference list of therapists for PTSD.

National Alliance on Mental Illness (NAMI) – Call the help line at 1-800-950-NAMI (6264), or consult the Program Family to Family Education for caregivers of people with disease Mental grave

Help for veterans and their families

training attention -. Call (888) 823-7458 training free, confidential designed to help family members learn how talk to your veteran about their concerns and treatment options

veterans Crisis line. – A free, confidential hotline for veterans and their families and friends. Call 1-800-273-8255 (press 1) or connect via chat or text (838,255).

Military OneSource – Call 1-800-342-9647 for confidential counseling, non-medical services, and other resources for veterans and their families. The line is open 24/7.

Help for veterans with PTSD – Learn how to win win enrolling for the health care of VA and get an evaluation. (National Center for PTSD)

Give one hour – a nonprofit that provides free mental health services for military personnel in the US and their families affected by the conflicts in Iraq and Afghanistan organization


24/7 Extension Center health Psychology and traumatic brain injury – Get help for traumatic brain injury and other psychological problems. Call 1-866-966-1020 or connect via chat or email.

(Defense Centers of Excellence Defense Department)

VA A Guide to Mental Health Services for Veterans and Families (PDF) -. Complete Guide to mental health services VA, including programs and resources for PTSD

Overview of PTSD in veterans and family

Effects of PTSD on the Family – When someone family has PTSD, everyone feels the effects. Learn about common feelings and reactions among family members. (National Center for PTSD)

On the face – listen to the stories of veterans living with PTSD. You listen to personal experiences about how PTSD affected their families and how treatment, he changed his life.

Upon returning from the war zone (PDF) -. Learn about issues families face when a spouse returns from the war and what can be done to prepare for the meeting and deal with the transition to civilian life

What other readers are saying

“I can not express how much your article helped to open my mind to something I thought I understood. my daughter is dealing with a major trauma. After many years hiding if he found his voice and is dealing with the underlying catalyst his most recent challenges and behaviors. I found valuable and gave me the opportunity to wrap my mind around the emotions and thoughts that will deal with now. ” ~ Florida

“Our daughter recently experienced a very stressful” place of bullying work “incident in which a superior relentless. Although not a traditional cause of PTSD, the aftereffects are similar. Thank you for an informative article, insightful you. Glad I stumbled upon her and the opportunity to share with my daughter. ” Maryland ~

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