In recent years, scientists have awakened to the fact that when children eat too much sugar, can cause much more damage than just cavities. Now we know that excess sugar in the diet ywith Press hypertension, blood lipid disorders, diabetes, obesity and increased risk of cardiovascular disease is associated.
While the problems caused by sugar in the diet affect everyone, they are of particular concern in children.
Many foods marketed for children seem to be loaded with added sugars, and sugar daily average consumption is markedly elevated in children.
it is now believed that sugar consumption is one of the main causes of obesity in children, and is likely partly responsible for the alarming rate of type 2 diabetes we are seeing today in adolescents and young adults. (Not long ago, type 2 diabetes was almost never seen before middle age.)
Given the increasing incidence of cardiovascular risk factors in adolescents and young adults, experts warn that we are facing an epidemic of premature heart disease very soon. Added sugars in the diet of children are undoubtedly play an important role here.
Recommendations American Heart Association
In August 2016, a panel of experts appointed by the American Heart Association (AHA) published a scientific statement entitled “added Sugars and Cardiovascular Disease Risk in Children.” The panel reviewed all relevant scientific information on the effect of added sugars in children, and has made strong recommendations on the amount of added sugar can be consumed by children without appreciably increasing their cardiovascular risk.
Their results should be instructive for many parents.
The scientific panel of the AHA recommends no added sugar at all for children under 2 years old. For children who are 2 or more, added sugars should be limited to less than 25 g per day (about 6 teaspoons or 100 calories per day). These recommended levels are less than a third of the average intake of added sugars being consumed by children today.
Given the foods that parents in Western societies often provide their children, following these recommendations will take some adjustments. Let’s take a look at what the AHA means with “added sugars,” why the panel concluded that the AHA added sugars are bad for children, and what kind of foods we should be avoiding to offer our children a healthy diet.
What you should know about sugar
Types of sugar. “Sugar” is the term used to indicate different types of sweets, carbohydrates short chain. Monosaccharides or simple sugars include glucose, (also called dextrose), fructose and galactose.
In natural sugars, called disaccharide, two simple sugars are paired. Table sugar (cane or beet sugar) is the disaccharide sucrose consisting of glucose and fructose matched. Lactose (found in milk) is glucose and galactose.
Since the high fructose corn syrup 1970 has largely supplanted other forms of sugar used in processed foods because it is cheap to manufacture.
high fructose corn syrup is corn starch that has been processed to convert part of its glucose into fructose. Fructose is the sweetest monosaccharide, which is valued in food processing.
While many have argued that the high fructose corn syrup is worse for health than other types of added sugars, objective evidence that this is the case it is lacking. Both syrup high fructose corn syrup and table sugar, for example, contain glucose and fructose, and plenty of each.
Added sugars are defined as all types of added sugars as ingredients in processed and prepared foods, and sugars added to foods at the table.
naturally occurring sugars are sugars that occur naturally as inherent components of food, such as sugars found in fruits, vegetables and dairy products. When we eat natural sugars, we are also getting many of the nutrients that are necessary for life. Added sugars, however, are simply the extra calories (or “empty” calories), that can make food tastier, but do not provide an additional nutrient value. natural sugars