Obesity is defined as having an excessive amount of body fat. Overweight is defined as an excess amount of body weight compared with acceptable body weight. The common tool for measuring obesity and overweight is the body mass index (BMI). Measures body weight in relation to height. A BMI can indicate a person is overweight, but could indicate that a person is overweight, but that could be due to lean muscle and not excess body fat (eg an athlete).
obesity in children:
obesity development – this category of obesity begins in the early years of the life of a child and continues steadily for the year for adults. Therefore, the foundation has already been set at the time the child is about four years. The cells are saturated with fat and as the child grows, more and more fat accumulates in the body. Muscle and bone mass also increases because the body has to carry extra weight. These children often grow tall, look older for their age and are obese right through breastfeeding even into adulthood. This type of obesity is the result of increased lean body mass along with fat
reactionary obesity -. This type develops due to periods of emotional stress in the life of a child. During these periods of stress, the child may overeat resulting in weight gain. However, since these periods are intermittent, weight is also reflected up and down
The causes of obesity in children :.
The causes of childhood obesity with obesity, hereditary and environmental factors play a major role. In only 5 to 10 percent of the endocrine cases, causes or syndromes CNS are involved. The causes of childhood obesity may be as follows:
- Genetics / familialEnvironmental – decreased activity. Increased calorie intake, watch TV.
- Endocrine -GHD, hypothyroidism, Cushing’s syndrome, PHP
- syndromes- Genetics pica-Willi syndrome, Laurence-Moon-Biedi, Turner.
- CNS lesions – infection, surgery, radiation, craniopharyngioma
- Various steroids, anti-epileptic =.
Most obese children have no organic cause, these children grow normally and are tall for their age. They are proportional obesity and normal development. major environmental influences include excessive intake of calories, sedentary lifestyle, watching TV and playing computer games. It is important to identify this subgroup of children in order to avoid unnecessary investigations.
Cushing’s syndrome is characterized by central obesity, hypertension, strie and skeletol delayed maturation.
Hypothyroidism is an extremely rare cause of isolated obesity. In most of these cases, obesity is an additional manifestations other prominent as short stature, delayed development and thick skin characteristic.
In GHD and PHP, growth retardation and hypocalcemia are dominant clinical features and lower obesity is a prominent clinical feature. It is important to focus an endocrine cause of obesity in children is common in a child with normal height and skeletol maturation.
A variety of genetic syndromes have obesity as its important clinical feature. Klinefelter and Turner syndromes are easily identifiable by their clinical characteristics. May these syndromes are associated with hypogonadism or hypotonia.
CNS insults in the form of surgery, radiation, tumors, and trauma present with rapid onset of obesity. These disorders are associated with excessive appetite, signs and symptoms of CNS and other hypothalamic-pituitary
defects Homeopathic treatment of childhood obesity :.
Homeopathy is one of the most popular holistic medicine systems. The selection of action is based on the theory of individualization and symptoms similarity using holistic approach. This is the only way through which a state of complete health can be recovered by removing all signs and symptoms suffered by the patient. The goal of homeopathy is not only for the treatment of childhood obesity, but to address its underlying causes and individual susceptibility. With respect to therapeutic medication, several remedies are available to treat obesity in children that can be selected on the basis of the cause, sensations and modalities of complaints. For individualized remedy selection and treatment, the patient should consult a qualified homeopathic physician in person. There are following remedies that are useful in the treatment of obesity in children:
Kali Bi, graphites, Ferrum Met, Kali carb, Phytolacca, Capsicum, Calcaria Carb, aconite, Ambra gresia, raw Antim, sulfur, Lycopodium, phosphorus, Natrium carb, Calcarea Ars, arsenic album, Cantharis, ammonium carbohydrates, Carbo Veg, Crocus sativus, Digitalis, Pulsatilla, Bryonia, Bromine, Belladonna, Hyoscyamus, camphor, barite carbohydrate, cebadilla, Rhus Tox, Magnesia Phos, Lachesis, Platina, Sepia, Chinese and many other drugs.