Wrinkles are a natural part of aging, especially for the face, neck, hands and forearms. But some people are more prone to wrinkles due to sun exposure and other factors. Although genetics primarily determines the structure and texture of the skin, sun exposure is an important cause of wrinkles, especially for light-skinned people. Pollutants and smoking also contribute to wrinkles.
While some people accept their wrinkles, as a sign of character, if their wrinkles bother you, there are things you can do to minimize the development of wrinkles.
• Protect your skin from the sun. Protect your skin, and avoid future wrinkles, limiting the time you spend in the sun and always wearing protective clothing, such as wide-brimmed hats, long-sleeved shirts and sunglasses. Also, wear sunscreen when outdoors, even during winter. The American Academy of Dermatology recommends the use of a broad-spectrum sunscreen with an SPF of 30 or more. Apply sunscreen generously and reapply every two hours, or more frequently if you are swimming or perspiring.
• Use products with built-in sunscreen. When selecting skin care products, choose those with a built-in broad spectrum sunscreen, which means that it blocks UVA and UVB rays.
• Use moisturizers. Dry skin wilts skin-filled cells, which can cause wrinkles and premature fine lines. Although moisturizers cannot prevent wrinkles, they can temporarily mask small lines and wrinkles.
• Do not smoke Even if you have smoked for years or smoked a lot, you can still improve the tone and texture of your skin and avoid future wrinkles when you quit smoking.
• Eat a healthy diet. There is some evidence that certain vitamins in your diet help protect your skin. More study is needed on the role of nutrition, but it is good to eat many fruits and vegetables.
Many over-the-counter anti-wrinkle creams and lotions promise to reduce wrinkles and prevent or reverse sun damage. But these products are not likely to make a noticeable difference in your skin.
The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) classifies these creams and lotions as cosmetics, which are defined as having no medical value. Therefore, the FDA regulates them less strictly than drugs. This means that products do not need to undergo rigorous safety and efficacy tests before they are approved for release.
Because the FDA does not evaluate the effectiveness of cosmetic products, there is no guarantee that any over-the-counter products will reduce your wrinkles.
If you are looking for a face lift in a bottle, you probably won't find it in over-the-counter wrinkle creams. The benefits of these products are usually modest at best.
The effectiveness of wrinkle creams depends in part on the active ingredient or ingredients. Here are some common ingredients that could improve the appearance of wrinkles.
• Retinol Retinol is a compound of vitamin A, the first antioxidant that is widely used in over-the-counter wrinkle creams. Antioxidants are substances that neutralize free radicals, unstable oxygen molecules that break down skin cells and cause wrinkles.
• Vitamin C. Another powerful antioxidant, vitamin C can help protect the skin from sun damage. Before and between uses, anti-wrinkle creams containing vitamin C should be stored in a way that protects them from air and sunlight.
• Hydroxy acids. Alpha hydroxy acids, beta hydroxy acids (salicylic acid) and polyhydroxy acids are exfoliants, substances that remove the top layer of old and dead skin and stimulate the growth of a smooth and uniformly pigmented new skin.
• Coenzyme Q10. This ingredient can help reduce fine wrinkles around the eyes and protect the skin from sun damage.
• Peptides This ingredient has been used in products for healing wounds, stretch marks and now wrinkles.
• Tea extracts Green, black and oolong tea contain compounds with antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties. Green tea extracts are the ones most commonly found in wrinkle creams.
• Grapeseed Extract In addition to its antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties, grape seed extract promotes wound healing.
• Niacinamide A potent antioxidant, this substance is related to vitamin B-3 (niacin). It helps reduce water loss in the skin and can improve skin elasticity.
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