HIV/AIDS- Symptoms, Treatments, Prevention


By Dr. Ajay Kumar Pujala Medical General

virus human immunodeficiency virus or HIV is a virus that affects the immune system of your body over time leads to an advanced stage of the disease known as syndrome or AIDS acquired immunodeficiency. The HIV virus is divided into two types, viz. HIV-1 and HIV-2. The most dangerous form of HIV-1, which is seen as a key threat worldwide. HIV infection is a deadly disease, which makes it difficult for your body to fight infection.


People infected with the HIV virus may not show any signs in the early stages; however, they may experience a flu-like illness within a couple of months after being exposed to the deadly virus. Other common symptoms are:

a) Diarrhea

b) Swollen lymph nodes

c) Sore throat

d) the mouth sores, including yeast infection (candidiasis)

e) pain or stiffness in muscles

f) fever

g) night sweats heavy

loss h) Weight


There is no effective cure for AIDS, but treatments are offered in order to control symptoms. Treatment can improve the length and quality of life for those who have succumbed to the infectious virus.

Antiretroviral therapy is known to suppress the replication of HIV virus in your body. A mixture of antiretroviral drugs known as antiretroviral therapy (ART), also called highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART), is considered as an effective way to decrease the growth rate of HIV in the bloodstream.

But when these drugs are persistently used; it can put you at greater risk of heart attack due to increased levels of glucose (sugar) and cholesterol in the blood.


a) Never share syringes / needles and never use illegal drugs

b) If you are HIV positive, then can be transmitted the virus to others. So donating blood, semen or other body organs is strictly prohibited.

c) has no contact with the blood of other people with this infection

d) Breastfeeding is another way to transmit the virus to her baby; therefore, it must be fully resolved against.

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