Higher, faster, farther: doping at the Summer Olympics

spirits! Really?

is true: The first prohibited substance was captured an Olympic ethanol use was. In the 1968 Games in Mexico City, the Swede Hans-Gunnar Liljenwall helped fuel his country to third place in the pentathlon, only to see the bronze medal going to France when he failed a drug test and got his team disqualified .

The International Olympic Committee had adopted rules on drugs to improve performance (PED) the previous year, and while alcohol may not be one of the first choice of personal electronic devices, Liljenwall acknowledged that it had shot down a couple of beers before pistol shooting part of the pentathlon. As countless fans of foam through the centuries can attest, it does wonders to calm jittery nerves and provide strength for the challenge ahead.

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However, since alcohol (still banned) is easy to detect, athletes need PED that were not. Anabolic steroids and synthetic testosterone, ephedrine, furosamine, human growth hormone, factor similar to insulin, EPO, methylhexanamine … if science could do growth, athletes would use.

Munich (1972) was the speed (amphetamines) Olympic Games; Montreal (1976) was a moveable feast of anabolic steroids. There was not a single positive drug test in Moscow (1980) – because the testers had not figured out how to detect the cornucopia of steroids lab made athletes were taking, and the Olympics of wine to be called chemicals Games’.

Doping has since become an arms race between cheaters and Olympic officials (in the form of the World Anti-Doping Agency, established by the IOC in 1999). The first took chemical compounds designed to improve endurance, speed, recovery time (so that they could train harder), and strength. Meanwhile, the IOC banned such compounds and tests developed to detect.

Natalia Bronshtein / STAT Source: Doping at the Olympics

Athletes then they took new compounds that officials had never thought, while the IOC developed further testing. And more and left. First it was natural chemicals, then synthetic, and soon, perhaps genetics. In the future, STAT expected to make reports of athletes CRISPR’ing their genes.

How clean is tested IOC kept the games? Although in 2000 a court in Germany found two former East German sports guilty of “systematic” doping Olympic scores with steroids from 1974 to 1989, the IOC picked exactly. For decades, the samples were dashed. Samples were changed. Officials alerted athletes about what level of a prohibited substance could be detected. And, of course, it is Sochi , where Russia was allegedly rampant doping state.

Sydney (2000) were the first Olympic Games where athletes underwent random, out of competition drug testing, in addition to those after standard presentations, and also the first to conduct blood tests in addition to urine tests.

Athletes reacted to the intensified monitoring of famous swindler Frank Abagnale way reacted to the news that the FBI wanted to talk to him. Catch me if you can

The IOC made: More athletes tested positive for banned substances at the Games in Sydney than in any previous Olympic Games

may never play tennis. Olympic table but you can play data visualization. You want to know what two athletes tested positive for antipsychotics? What Olympic baseball did not pass drug tests at the games? What country has had more athletes test positive for banned drugs than any other? What events have produced positive tests more drugs? Click on the screens to learn more about a better life – or at least a better athletic performance -. Through chemistry

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