Hepatitis: Know it. Prevent it.

What is hepatitis?

Hepatitis is inflammation and swelling of the liver. The word hepatitis consists of Hepar which means “liver” in ancient Greek and Itis meaning “inflammation”. Hepatitis means liver injury with an inflammation of the liver cells.

How is this done?

Hepatitis is caused by viral infection, but can also be caused by other factors – when the body begins to produce antibodies against liver tissues, drugs, alcohol, drugs and harmful toxins. The disease can be self-limiting, but a more severe form can lead to fibrosis (scarring), liver cancer or cirrhosis.


Types of hepatitis

The viral infection of the liver is classified five main categories of hepatitis – a, B, C, D and E virus. Although all five types of hepatitis are a concern and claims many lives every year, but hepatitis B and hepatitis C lead to chronic problems in people and together, is the main virus that causes liver cirrhosis and Cancer.

Hepatitis A (HAV)

Hepatitis A is caused by virus HAV (hepatitis A). Usually it is caused by eating infected food or water. It is contagious and can also be spread through anal-oral sex. Hepatitis A vaccines are available and can be administered to a person over a year old. hygienic food and surroundings are the key to preventing the spread of this disease. A person affected with that person recovers by itself and therefore the individual, remains immune to the virus for the rest of your life.

Hepatitis B (HBV)

hepatitis B or HBV is a sexually transmitted disease (STD). It spreads through unprotected sex, using an infected syringe sharing a razor, toothbrush with an infected person. The disease can be transmitted from an infected mother to her newborn mother. Piercing the skin with unsterilized needles in hospitals, tatoo parlors or being accidentally pricked by stepping on a needle injected etc. hepatitis B propagates

In hepatitis B, the liver of a single fan. Severe liver damage liver health degenerates over time results in infection and liver cancer, cirrhosis and liver failure. Vaccines for hepatitis B are available and adequate immunization illnesses can be avoided completely. Donated blood should always be tested for hepatitis B.

Hepatitis C (HCV)

Hepatitis is caused virus HCV (Hepatitis C virus). It is transmitted through direct contact with contaminated blood and the most potent forms of transmission and contaminated syringes. In hepatitis C, the liver becomes swollen and damaged. Liver cancer in hepatitis C is unlikely however possibilities liver cancer increases with the development of cirrhosis ,. But still no vaccine available for hepatitis C, so caution is the only key.

Hepatitis D (VHD)

Only people affected with hepatitis B may be affected by the hepatitis D (VHD). Together, both deteriorate liver infections and results in more serious disease condition of an individual. A person who is vaccinated against hepatitis B are automatically protected against hepatitis D.

modes of HIV transmission are unprotected sex, piercing the skin through infected syringes and contact contaminated blood.

Hepatitis E (HEV)

Hepatitis E is a disease that affects a person consumption of water containing the hepatitis E virus (HEV). Since the main reason for its spread is contaminated water, which is found mainly in areas where sanitation is poor fecal matter and dissolved in drinking water. It is commonly found in India, in areas where sanitation is bad. Vaccines for hepatitis E are not available yet.

Tips for prevention

Vaccination is the first step to prevent the spread of hepatitis a and B. practicing good hygiene is the most important advice to prevent the spread of hepatitis. During the trip, pay special attention to the level of food hygiene and water. Be sure to drink bottled water quality to avoid eating any possible water-borne hepatitis. To prevent the spread of the virus that is spread through blood, not sharing drug needles, razors, toothbrushes and any contact with spilled blood. While getting a tattoo, make sure the equipment used in the process is well sterilized. Consume alcohol in moderation or abstain from it to avoid alcoholic hepatitis.

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