Although mental illness issues are increasingly openly talked about, there is still a strong stigma that surrounds them. As media portrays criminals who have a mental disorder, society associates mental illness with people who are harmful and dangerous. Learn more about mental illness is a sure way to start removing the stigma.
A mental illness that is often misunderstood is schizophrenia. common beliefs of the illness described as having multiple personalities, but this is not the whole truth. In fact, if you ever wondered how many types of schizophrenia are there, well, there are a few. This is what makes the disease so misunderstood. There are many different types of schizophrenia, each with its own combination of symptoms.
So put your own beliefs aside for a moment, as explained what schizophrenia and different types of schizophrenia exist.
What is schizophrenia?
Schizophrenia is a mental, rare and serious disease. The term itself means “split mind”, referring to their ability to cause an imbalance in the brain. That is why it is often understood as a multiple personality disorder because there is a battle between emotions and thought that occurs to the person.
People with schizophrenia suffer from a combination of symptoms including hallucinations, delusions, loss in the ability to perform normal functions, and thought and disorderly conduct.
Unfortunately, schizophrenia is a chronic disease and treatment may include a lifetime. However, schizophrenia and its symptoms can be managed so that the person can live a normal life.
Risk factors of schizophrenia
Currently, there are no causes of schizophrenia clearly established, but researchers believe it is a combination of environmental and genetic. Imbalances and problems within the chemicals in the brain may contribute to schizophrenia. Examinations of the brains of those with schizophrenia have revealed changes in the brain and, although the cause is uncertain, scientists have determined schizophrenia is a brain disease.
Family history, exposure to viruses, toxins and malnutrition in the womb, drug use mind-altering in adolescence, and increased immune activity are all other potential risk factors of schizophrenia , according to the Mayo Clinic.
Types of schizophrenia
How many types of schizophrenia are there? Well, there are about five main types of schizophrenia, including the following:
- catatonic schizophrenia
- Disorganized schizophrenia
- Paranoid schizophrenia
- residual schizophrenia
- undifferentiated schizophrenia.
Although the symptoms of schizophrenia can occur in all types of schizophrenia, each type characterized by a particular combination of symptoms. We will further examine these different types of schizophrenia to better understand them.
Catatonic Schizophrenia affects the whole body of a person. reduced motor skills, muscle stiffness, decreased sensitivity to pain, and lack of ability to care for their own self are all aspects of catatonic schizophrenia.
Individuals with catatonic schizophrenia may have mutism, immobility, and be quite negative and refuse to perform the tasks they are asked to perform. Moreover, imitators behaviors may also occur, such as repeating words or actions that have already been said or done by someone else.
Disorganized schizophrenia refers to the disorganization of behavior and speech. These individuals can act as a child and avoid social contact. People with schizophrenia often appear disorganized distracted with their own thoughts and express inappropriate emotions, such as laughter at a time of sadness.
His behavior can get in the way of carrying out daily activities, and may also be difficult to understand when they speak. When asked a question, they can go off topic and talk about issues that are not related to their thoughts are not organized.
delusions and hallucinations are more common in paranoid schizophrenia. These people can become quite angry, anxious and be argumentative. This is the form of schizophrenia more often discussed as hearing “voices” induced hallucinations.
paranoid schizophrenics often misinterpret situations that can lead to anger. They can be jealous and feel they are being chased most of the time.
Although this type of schizophrenia may seem the most violent, is the type that can achieve functionality through treatment.
undifferentiated schizophrenia residual
residual schizophrenia refers to an individual who has experienced an episode of schizophrenia in the past, but is not permanent. The person can still display one or two symptoms over time, but not take over your life.
Although people with schizophrenia may not show residual positive symptoms of schizophrenia longer – those are the hallucinations and delusions – they can still have negative symptoms, such as unexplained beliefs and disorganized speech. This form of schizophrenia may be a sign of remission when declare or stay with the person over time without becoming another no further episode episode.
undifferentiated schizophrenia is described as a person who has many different symptoms for other types of schizophrenia and therefore is uncategorized.
Treatment of schizophrenia
Now that we understand what is schizophrenia and different types of schizophrenia, we can now discuss treatments.
Common treatments for schizophrenia include pharmaceutical medications that can help control the symptoms caused by imbalance in the brain. The problem with this form of treatment is people with schizophrenia are often reluctant to take these drugs. So depending on the severity, this treatment may not be the best option.
Social therapy is also a means of treatment as the main symptom of schizophrenia is to withdraw from social contact. Individual therapy, family therapy, group therapy and vocal rehabilitation are all social means of treatment for schizophrenia. This form of treatment allows the individual to improve their social interaction and speech. It also helps to bring the person back into soft and comfortable social environments in which they can function again.
Reducing stigma through understanding
Unfortunately, the way Hollywood and the news portray the different types of schizophrenia image looks pretty scary. Stigma continues to follow with schizophrenia because these images and negative associations. We can not overcome this stigma, unless we educate ourselves and those around us no longer fear this mental illness.
As growing public understanding of mental illness, further research can also go on schizophrenia. This will help reduce the stigma and potentially also lead to better treatments.
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