The Food and Drug Administration, under public pressure to start the analysis of food samples US to detect the presence of a pesticide which has been linked to cancer, it has some early findings that are not as sweet.
In the examination of honey samples from different parts of the United States, the FDA has found new evidence that residues of the herbicide called glyphosate can be omnipresent – it is still in a food that does not occur with the use glyphosate.
All samples FDA analyzed in a recent survey that contains residues of glyphosate, and some of the levels of residues of honey showed twice the limit allowed in the European Union, according to documents obtained through a request Freedom of Information Act. there is no legal tolerance level for glyphosate in honey in the United States.
glyphosate, which is the key ingredient in Roundup herbicide Monsanto Co., is the most widely used herbicide in the world, and concerns about glyphosate residues in food triggered after the World Health Organization health in 2015 said its cancer experts determined glyphosate is a probable human carcinogen. Other international scientists have expressed concern about the heavy use of glyphosate is affecting human health and the environment.
Records obtained from the FDA and the Environmental Protection Agency and the United States Department of Agriculture, detail a series of revelations about the federal government’s efforts to get a handle on these concerns growing. In addition to honey, records show experts waste of government to discuss glyphosate found in samples of soy and wheat, “controversies glyphosate,” and the belief that there could be “a lot of rape for glyphosate” waste in US crops.
although the FDA annually examines food for residues of many pesticides, has jumped tests glyphosate residues for decades. It was only in February this year the agency said it would begin some glyphosate residue analysis. That came after many independent researchers began to conduct their own tests and glyphosate was found in a variety of food products such as flour, cereal and oatmeal. The government and Monsanto have maintained that glyphosate residues in food are sufficient minimum to be safe. But critics say without solid proof, glyphosate levels in foods are not known . And they say that even small amounts can be harmful as it is likely consume regularly in many foods.
waste issues are coming into the spotlight, while the EPA is completing a risk assessment to determine whether the use of this herbicide-selling should be limited. The agency has scheduled public meetings in Washington October 18 to 21 the matter. risk assessment report of the EPA was initially due out in 2015, but has not yet been finalized. The agency now says it will be completed in
In the records released by the FDA, an internal email describes trouble locating honey contains glyphosate “the spring of 2017.” “It is hard to find honey blank containing no waste. I collect about 10 samples of honey in the market and they all contain glyphosate, “says a researcher at the FDA. Even “mountain honey organic” containing low concentrations of glyphosate, the FDA documents show.
According to FDA records, samples tested by the FDA Narong chemical Chamkasem showed residue levels in 107 ppb in samples of the FDA associated with Louisiana-based Carmichael honey; 22 ppb in honey the linked Orange Blossom Honey Leighton FDA in Florida and waste at 41 ppb in samples FDA associate based in Iowa Sue Bee honey, which is marketed by a cooperative of American beekeepers as “pure, all-natural” and “US honey.” customers “can be sure that Sue Bee Honey is 100% pure, 100% natural and 100% American,” says the Sioux Honey Association.
One of Jan. 8, 2016 e-mail Chamkasem said FDA scientists companions tolerance level EU is 50 ppb and no amount of allowed glyphosate at all in honey in the U.S.
“Farmers bees are not breaking any laws, instead of glyphosate is being introduced by bees,” Saco wrote in response. “While the presence of glyphosate in honey is technically a violation, it is not a safety issue.”
Saco said the EPA had been “aware of the problem” and is expected to establish tolerance levels for honey. Once tolerance levels are set by the EPA – if set high enough – waste no longer be a violation. When contacted this week, the EPA said that currently there are no pending to establish levels of glyphosate tolerance in honey requests. However, the agency also said “there is no worry of health risks from exposure to glyphosate residues in honey at this time.”
Sioux Honey Vice President Bill Huser said glyphosate is commonly used in the fields of culture frequented by bees, and the pesticide travels back with bees to the hive where honey is produced.
“the industry has no control over the environmental impacts of this kind,” Huser said. Most of the honey bee Sue is located near clover and alfalfa in the Midwest, he said. Beekeepers located in the South would bees near cotton fields and soybeans. Alfalfa, soybeans and cotton are engineered to be directly sprayed with glyphosate.
The results of the FDA are not the first to find glyphosate in honey. Sampling conducted in early 2015 by the scientific research company Abraxis glyphosate residues found in 41 of 69 samples of honey with glyphosate levels between 17 and 163 ppb, with the arithmetic mean of 64 ppb.
beekeepers say they are innocent victims who see their contaminated honey products simply because they could be located within a few miles of farms where glyphosate is used.
“I do not understand how I’m supposed to control the level of glyphosate in my honey when I am not using Roundup” said a trader honey company. “It’s about me. It’s not fair”.
The FDA did not respond to a question about the extent of its communications with Monsanto regarding residue analysis, but published records show that Monsanto has had at least some interaction with the FDA on this topic . In April this year, the manager of international regulatory affairs Monsanto Amelia Jackson-Gheissari emailed requesting the FDA to set a time to talk about “the application of residue levels in the US, particularly glyphosate. ”
The FDA routinely looks for residues of several pesticides commonly used, but no glyphosate. The look of glyphosate this year is considered a “special assignment” and came after the agency was criticized by the Government Accountability Office of the US in 2014 for failing to test for glyphosate.
The FDA has not released formal results of their testing plans or results, but Saco made a presentation in June the Council of specialty crops in California who said the agency was analyzing 300 samples of corn ; 300 samples of soy; and 120 samples of each of milk and eggs. He described above some not legally permitted levels partial results obtained through April showing levels of glyphosate found in 52 samples of corn and 44 samples of soybeans, but. The presentation did not mention honey. The presentation also indicated that glyphosate testing the FDA will extend to “routine check.”
The USDA will also start testing for glyphosate, but not until next year, according to information the agency gave the nonprofit group Beyond Pesticides at a meeting in Washington in January. Documents obtained through FOIA show a plan to test on syrups and oils in 2017.
Soybeans and wheat
Like the FDA, the USDA has dragged its feet on tests. Only once, in 2011, the USDA has tested for residues of glyphosate despite the fact that the agency does generalized for residues of other pesticides less used tests. In what the USDA calls a “special project” agency test 300 samples of soy for glyphosate and found that more than 90 percent – 271 samples – carried herbicide residues.
The agency said then that further testing for glyphosate “was not a high priority” because glyphosate is considered so safe . He also said that although the residue levels in some samples were close to the very high levels of glyphosate “tolerance” established by the EPA, which did not exceed levels.
Both the USDA and the FDA have long said that it is too expensive and is not necessary for testing glyphosate residues. However, the division within the USDA known as the Grain Inspection, Packers and Stockyards Administration (GIPSA) has been testing for residues of glyphosate wheat for years because many foreign buyers have great concern for glyphosate residues. GIPSA testing is part of a “sampling program of export cargo,” documents obtained from GIPSA show.
These tests showed glyphosate residues detected in more than 40 percent of the hundreds of wheat samples examined in fiscal 2009, 2010, 2011 and 2012. The levels vary, the data show. GIPSA also has been helping soy access the FDA to test. In an e-mail may 2015, GIPSA chemical Gary Hinshaw a security official food FDA said “it is not difficult to find soybeans containing glyphosate.” It is 7 December, 2015 e-mail chemist FDA Terry Councell Lauren Robin, also a chemist and a security officer consumers FDA Councell said glyphosate is present even in processed products although “well below tolerance.”
the fact that the government is aware of glyphosate residues in food, but has dragged its feet on testing for so long, frustrates many who are concerned about the pesticide.
“there is no sense of urgency around these exhibitions we live day by day,” said Jay Feldman, executive director of Beyond Pesticides.