Natural Health News – Human exposure to two neonicotinoid insecticides – acetamiprid and imidacloprid – can damage the brains of children, according to a statement from the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA).
neonicotinoids, or neonics, have rarely been out of the press in recent years due to its extreme toxicity to bees and other pollinators. In April this year European Commission voted to suspend the use of three neonicotinoid insecticides – clothianidin, thiamethoxam and imidacloprid – for a period of two years pending further safety assessments
neonics belong to a family of insecticides designed specifically to affect the central nervous system of insects. They bind to the nicotinic acetylcholine receptor enzyme, causing excitation of the nerves, leading to paralysis and eventual death. Also found to the bees confused or forgetful , not unlike humans who have Alzheimer’s disease (which is, of course, a neurological disease).
Not only bees
Although manufacturers have long argued that this effect is specific to insects and does not affect mammals, studies are increasingly demonstrating that this claim is false.
EFSA issued its scientific opinion at the request of the European Commission after considering the results of the study s 2012 showed that of were neonics toxic for the developing brain laboratory animals, as well as other and the toxicity data showing the human nervous system in existing development.
In the review, the panel of plant protection products and their residues (PPR) – A body review dependent EFSA – found that acetamiprid and imidacloprid may adversely affect the development of neurons and structures associated with brain functions such as learning and memory.
He concluded that the present guideline levels acceptable exposure to these insecticides may not be sufficient protection against developmental neurotoxicity and should be reduced.
The Authority is now proposed that acceptable exposure levels for these two pesticides can lower while further research is conducted in its effect on the developing brain. The authority is also proposing what he calls “the establishment of clear and consistent criteria” that would require “mandatory submission of DNT [developmental neurotoxicity] studies as part of the authorization process in the EU.”
It should be noted that this criterion will relate to all pesticides, not just neonics.
Well, but …
The move has been generally welcomed but also throw all sorts of uncomfortable questions about how exposure to pesticides are monitored and how the toxic effects are evaluated. For example, why is it that neurotoxicity panel is not part of routine toxicological investigations required before a pesticide can be released into the market?
“It is a positive step,” says Georgina Downs Campaign Pesticide UK
“However, this should It has been always done and not only in relation to developmental neurotoxicity, but in relation to potential neurotoxic effects in humans. ”
“It has always been surprising for a defender like me to know that investigations of neurotoxicity in general (ie not only tests developmental neurotoxicity) not already included in toxicological studies routine before approval of pesticides. especially considering that many of the adverse effects reported by people exposed to pesticides (particularly residents regularly exposed to long term) are effects neurological damage and injuries. ”
“In fact,” he adds “the highest reported effects of those exposed to pesticides that I have received in the campaign I run are neurological effects.”
Not only babies
The point made is important. Harm children, especially babies in the womb, is always a headline grabber. However, exposure to pesticides harms humans of all ages, which often produce disabling diseases that can last a lifetime.
Downs has been instrumental in forcing the UK government to reevaluate the rules on pesticide safety , in particular the risk to bystanders .
Pesticides not only is sprayed on the fields – which are also used in urban settings, for example, local parks. Moreover, not only affect insects called target ”. Derived from farms and other places it can spread to homes, schools and playgrounds. This latest move by EFSA as welcome as could be shown still have unacceptable gaps in how to assess the safety of pesticides.
The types of assessment, EFAS now suggests that, if carried out correctly highlights how most risky pesticides used in food production chain are.
Di Downs. “Given the enormous costs of health and environmental pesticide use, which makes clear economic sense to switch to methods of non-chemical crop is a paradigm shift complete is needed, as there are no toxic chemicals that have associated risks and adverse impacts of any kind (whether humans or other) should be used for growing food. “