as an earthworm is fed, organic matter passes through your body and is excreted as castings dark granules. You can see these small piles cast in your garden. An earthworm produces weight daily casting parts. vermicompost really are a wonderful, full of fertilizer nutrients otherwise unavailable to plants.
In cold temperature, a ground search will mature worms and youth, and eggs. In late spring, most worms are mature. As temperatures rise, the activity is slowing; many lay eggs after which they die. In mid-summer, most worms are very young or protected by egg capsules. As the weather cools, young worms emerge. In wet weather, actively they are growing, making new burrows and eat extra food, resulting in more than vermicompost. Egg laying occurs again. Activity continues as long as the soil remains moist.
After huge rain, worms often appear above the ground. No drowned. Fresh water does not disrupt the earthworms, they need constant moisture from the skin to breathe, but stagnant or polluted water forces them using their burrows.
Earthworms can survive in the soil gradually freezes, but the sudden freezing can kill them. Protect earthworms against sudden frost with mulch or perhaps a cover crop, each of which is established meal worms.
can increase earthworm yourself by red worms-a process called vermicomposting or purchased composting earthworms. Saved in a stunning, dark place such as a basement, a container of worms provides a system of composting kitchen scraps with a source of wealth, fertile humus for the garden worm.
Bin trading systems
Available in the container market are usually made of durable black plastic trays that fit on top of a base. The trays have funds mesh drainage and catches the basis of “worm tea” and dispenses Tang to help you use it to water plants. A cap prevents light from escaping and worms. A cheaper fill the tray with moist filling material (often a soggy brick coconut fiber and / or shredded paper, who has compost or garden soil included to provide beneficial organisms). The filling should be evenly moist but not wet, as with every working compost pile. Once you add the worms, you can start adding kitchen scraps every day or so, because worms consume, transforming and filling in nutrient-rich castings. As with any compost pile, keep meat, dairy fats and outside the stack. coffee grounds and filters, tea bags, oatmeal, bread and fruit and vegetable pieces are fantastic compostable worm.
As each tray full of molding, they are able to repeat the process inside the tray above. The worms migrate to the mesh to the new food supply, and are then able to spread the items on the bottom tray in your garden or greenhouse beds or use it to enrich the potting soil. Place the tray is empty just to the top of the box, and the cycle can continue indefinitely. Another advantage of containers multi-tray business is the fact that they are portable, to help set up an open-air in a shaded area throughout the growing season, then it moves toward the greenhouse, sunroom, or in the basement when the temperature gets cold and continue composting.
done in house bins
commercial containers work very well, but sometimes be expensive. If you do not want to pay a lot of money for a worm bin, you are able to make your own plastic tray storage as 3 feet by 2 feet storage container for 1 1/2 feet deep, a altered trash can, tub, or a wooden box. Use an awl to drill small holes into the sides of tubs of plastic or garbage cans for aeration. To keep moist but well drained conditions, create a drainage area at the bottom of the tray; make use of a rigid divider to divide into living quarters worms. A loose lid keeps flies and worms and off light and moisture.
Just like commercial container, it is best to fill the bowl with coconut fiber and soaked newspaper. (You can purchase the bricks of compressed coconut fiber gardening stores, catalogs and websites, and for reasons of worm composting supplies.) Garden Soil can also be added. Make sure the mixture is really as wet as a sponge squeezed rather than wet. Then enter earthworms purchased for their new home. Use your worms for composting purchased only-worms are more commercially accessible only living species in manure or rich soil and will not survive in the middle of the garden soil. An exception can be enriched soil in a greenhouse bed if the greenhouse effect is maintained above zero, worms will do very well there.
Feed the worms finely chopped vegetable matter mixed with a little water. Soft foods are the best for the first few days; if the food does not go away in twenty four hours, decrease the amount. For faster composting, meals run through a blender, as worms do not have teeth to tear large pieces. The population will double within a month; after two months, its container should be filled with rich compost.
To harvest the compost, but keep the worms of valuable land for an additional session, since the compost outdoors on the sheet of heavy plastic or cloth, and allow to sit for about an hour . Worms are grouped together to stay cool and wet. Excavate and discover the cluster. Return worms to the bin or start a second tray.