There are different types of depression with varying severity of symptoms and longevity. Some may only appear in episodes, while others remain about life. Types of depression include major depression, dysthymia, bipolar disorder, seasonal affective disorder, psychotic depression, postpartum depression, situational depression, and atypical depression.
dysthymia (chronic depression) – albeit slight – last long. At any given time, at least three percent of the population suffers from dysthymia, and lifetime-six percent of the population may suffer from a depressive disorder.
Risk factors for dysthymia
Women are three times more likely to suffer from dysthymia compared to men. Having a relationship with depression also increases the risk of a person developing dysthymia. stressful life events also may increase the risk of dysthymia, along with interpersonal dependency, where a person depends largely approval and the approval of others.
The highest rates of dysthymia have also been observed in individuals suffering sleep disturbances. Moreover, dysthymia is 40 percent more likely to occur in individuals with a substance abuse problem.
dysthymia commonly occurs in the years 45 and 59. In fact, they are twice as likely to develop dysthymia, compared to someone younger, and three times more likely than people over the age of 60.
causes and symptoms of dysthymia
Like many other causes of depression, much is still unknown about what triggers dysthymia. is not thought to play a role in the onset of depression, including factors:
- Biochemistry :. Physical changes in the brain
- Genes :. Dysthymia seems to be common in families with a history of depression
- Environment :. Life situations, stress and finances can contribute to dysthymia
Although symptoms of dysthymia are not as severe as the symptoms of major depression, occurring over time.
The symptoms of dysthymia include:
- Loss of interest in activities
- Tired, lack of energy
- Low self-esteem, self-criticism
- Difficulty focusing and concentrating
- irritability, anger
- Reduced productivity
- The avoidance of social situations
- Concerns or guilt
- Lack of appetite or overeating
To be classified as dysthymia, symptoms must persist over two years. The episodes of sadness and feeling below may be indicative of other forms of depression or simply attributed to having a bad day.
If symptoms interfere with your daily life – the inability to work or maintain relationships – and have stuck around for a while, that’s when you should seek treatment
A person with dysthymia may develop major depression as well – this is known as double depression
Treatment and prevention of dysthymia
Options common treatment for dysthymia are medications and talk therapy. There are some factors to consider when choosing an appropriate form of treatment. They are:
- The severity of symptoms
- desire to address emotional problems and situation
- Personal preferences
- previous treatment methods
- ability to tolerate medications
- Other emotional problems
Antidepressants are a common form of medication for dysthymia, but can have many side effects. Therapy, then offers a viable source of treatment, allowing you to explore emotionally and resolve any problems you may have.
Psychotherapy, also known as talk therapy can help a patient to establish coping strategies to cope with everyday life. You can also help improve medication adherence and promote a healthier lifestyle. Psychotherapy can be one-on-one, in a group session, or with family and friends.
Home remedies for dysthymia are:
- not participate in alcohol or drugs
- Recognition of warning signals
- Knowledge of the facts about dysthymia
- Sticking to your treatment plan given
- Staying physically active
Because there is no cause for dysthymia pointed out, prevention is not so clear. Some measures that can be taken to treat and prevent dysthymia are to control stress levels, maintain a strong social group, receive treatment from the beginning, and receive long-term care to avoid relapse.
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