Dry skin on a baby's face: causes and remedies


It is relatively common for newborns and older babies to have some dry skin on their face. In most cases, this dry skin is harmless and tends to clear up without treatment.

Babies often have dry skin on their face because their skin is more sensitive than adults. Your skin may be adapting to the environment outside the uterus, or it may be reacting to allergens in products or clothing. Dehydration and skin conditions can also cause dry skin.

Most cases are minor, temporary and minor, although some may need specialized counseling, treatment and continuous observation.

The following sections analyze the causes of dry skin on the face and the treatments of a baby.

1. Newborn skin peeling

Baby with red dry skin on the face crawling towards the camera
It is common for babies to have dry skin on their face from time to time.

It is common for newborn babies to peel skin for one to two weeks after birth.

In the uterus, the amniotic fluid surrounds the fetus and the skin does not exfoliate as it does outside the uterus. In the first days after birth, the skin of a newborn can appear dry and peel.

In the uterus, a waxy layer of vernix covers the skin of the fetus, which protects it from the amniotic fluid. Leaving the vernix on the baby's skin for a time immediately after birth can help the baby's skin adapt to the environment outside the uterus.

Premature babies often have less vernix and less skin peeling than full-term babies. Overdone babies often have less vernix, but more skin peeling than full-term babies.

Exfoliation of the skin is a natural process and most babies do not need treatment. Dry skin will disappear on its own, although people can use mild home remedies to accelerate this process. Using warm baths and humidifiers can help.

2. Overexposure to water.

Long baths, especially those with hot water, tend to wash off some of the natural oils present on the skin. This increases the risk of dry and flaking skin. Avoid the use of strong and strong soaps, since these have a similar drying effect.

It is best to limit a baby's bath time to 15 minutes in warm water. Dry the baby's skin gently by stroking his face with a soft towel. Avoid rubbing with the towel to reduce friction and minimize the risk of peeling skin.

People may consider having a baby-friendly moisturizer on hand to apply occasionally if the baby has excessively dry skin.

3. Dehydration

Breastfeeding can help keep a baby hydrated,
Breastfeeding can help keep a baby hydrated.

Cold and dry environments, both outdoors and at home, dehydrate the skin very quickly and can cause breakage or peeling of the skin.

Often, a humidifier can help regulate the humidity levels in a room, but first check with the pediatrician if it is okay to use one.

In the case of newborns, breast milk is the best solution to keep them hydrated and healthy. The World Health Organization (WHO) recommends exclusive breastfeeding, that is, no other foods or liquids, for 6 months from the moment of birth.

4. Use of alcohol-based lotions.

One of the most important tasks when buying baby products is reading the packaging label. Avoid lotions and creams that have an alcohol base, since they dehydrate the outer surface of the skin.

5. Ichthyosis

Ichthyosis is a group of genetic skin conditions that cause scaling and dryness of the skin that is often severe. The word "ichthyosis" comes from the Greek word "ictys", which means fish, since people with this condition have a scaly-looking skin.

According to the American Academy of Dermatology, there are more than 20 different types of ichthyosis. Ichthyosis vulgaris is the mildest form of the condition that develops during childhood or childhood.

Doctors diagnose ichthyosis if it is present at birth based on the family's medical history and a physical examination. They may also request a blood or skin sample to confirm the condition.

Ichthyosis has no cure, but many topical creams can help relieve dryness and control other symptoms. However, do not use over-the-counter (OTC) remedies unless prescribed by a dermatologist or pediatrician.

6. eczema

Eczema can cause dryness and itching of the skin.
Eczema can cause dryness and itching of the skin.

In some cases, a skin condition called atopic dermatitis or eczema can also cause dryness in the baby's face. Sometimes the cause of eczema is unknown, but experts have found that almost half of people with moderate to severe eczema also have asthma, seasonal allergies or allergic rhinitis or food allergies, although these usually do not start in the first childhood.

The common symptoms of eczema are:

  • skin itch
  • dry skin or peeling
  • Red, irritated or thick skin
  • inflammation that comes and goes
  • Rash on the face, neck, wrists, knees, elbows and ankles

In babies with eczema, dry skin tends to make the rash and itching worse. Talk to a doctor who recommends creams or ointments to relieve symptoms.

Deals

In most cases, dry skin on a baby's face does not require treatment. However, people can relieve symptoms or accelerate healing with some methods.

Here we discuss 10 home remedies to relieve dry skin on a baby's face.

Prevention

Some simple tips and home remedies to prevent dry skin include:

  • use a baby-friendly moisturizer if necessary, although this is usually not necessary and most babies do it best with the least amount of lotions that are put on the skin as possible
  • Keep the baby away from the cold inside and outside.
  • Avoid strong and strongly scented creams and perfumes around the baby.
  • Maintain bath time to a maximum of 15 minutes.
  • Gently blot the baby's face with pats and avoid rubbing your skin with the towel to reduce friction

To take away

The skin of the baby, especially that of a newborn, is more fragile, more prone to infections and more permeable to external agents than the skin of older children and adults.

Many babies experience dry, peeling skin during childhood. Sometimes, skin peels as a result of temporary natural causes, while other times, irritants, genetic conditions or environmental conditions cause the skin to peel.

If the dryness persists for more than a couple of weeks, consult a pediatrician or dermatologist to identify the cause and find a more permanent solution.

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