enlarged and twisted veins are known as varicose veins. Although it can happen anywhere, usually it refers to the present veins in the legs. Pairs of valves are present in veins that prevent blood flow back (venous reflux or retrograde flow). The blood in the veins is pumped to the heart against the effects of gravity using the leg muscles.
By becoming varicose, the leaflets in the valve do not meet properly, thus rendering useless valves (valve insufficiency). Because of this, the blood begins to flow back and results in enlargement.
Varicose occur primarily in the superficial veins of the leg. This is caused due to the legs being subject to physical activities such as standing, running, walking, etc. Apart from being an aesthetic, varicose problem can produce a lot of pain.
Symptoms of varicose veins include:
1. Telangiectasia: appearance of spider veins on the affected
2. stasis dermatitis: dryness, redness and itching
3. Swelling of the ankles
4. leg pain
5. abnormal bleeding during minor injuries
6. Development of cramps during small movements
7. restless leg syndrome
8. Lipodermatosclerosis: declining skin above the ankle
treatment can be either surgical or conservative. Conservative methods are common steps that can be easily done to ease the pain of varicose pain.
Surgical procedures include:
1. Stripping: Removing or separating the saphenous vein
2. Ambulatory phlebectomy
3 . cryosurgery
4. vein ligation
nonsurgical treatments include:
2. endovenous thermal ablation