All About Ingrown Toenails

All About Ingrown Toenails

By Dr. Sandesh Gupta Dermatology

ingrown nails are the result of the edge of the nail to grow down into the skin. While it can occur in any toe, usually it occurs in the big toe. Pain during growth of the nail is the first symptom. The surrounding area is usually sensitive and painful to touch. It can be infected, resulting in inflammation, redness and pus formation.


The causes of ingrown toenails are:

1) People who have curved or thick nails are more likely to suffer from this as nails dig into the skin naturally during growth.

2) improper cutting nails, such as trimming too short or rounding of the edges.

3) The use of socks and ill fitting shoes puts stress on the toenails, so it’s easier to nail growth.

4) The use of tight shoes slightly during rigorous physical activities.

5) Foot injury or deformation of the feet leading to excess pressure on the toe.

6) The damage of the tip or off it.


ingrown toenails is treated using the following methods:

1) Soak the toe in warm water two or three times a day for fifteen minutes.

2) Dip a small piece of cotton or dental floss and wedging between the corner of the nail and skin helps to lift the nail skin.

3) Gently massage over the inflamed area.

4) consult a doctor if they return ingrown or infected.

Precautions during treatment-

Precautions should also be taken during treatment. They are as follows:

1) Avoid using sharp objects to dig under the nail as it could lead to infection.

2) Do not attempt to remove the pus by using sharp objects. It would only worsen the infection.

3) Wear comfortable shoes that do not put undue stress on the toes.

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