Apple cider vinegar is a natural tonic. It has several health benefits that are supported by scientific studies in humans. However, people have also expressed concern about their safety and possible side effects.
This article takes a look at the potential of apple cider vinegar side effects. It also provides instructions on how to consume apple cider vinegar safely.
What is apple cider vinegar?
Apple cider vinegar is made by combining apples with yeast.
The yeast then converts sugar into alcohol apples. Fermenting bacteria to the mixture, the alcohol in acetic acid are added.
Acetic acid constitutes about 5-6% of apple cider vinegar. It is classified as a “weak acid”, but still has quite strong acidic properties when concentrated.
Besides acetic acid, vinegar and water contains trace amounts of vitamins, and minerals, other acids.
Several studies in animals and humans have found that acetic acid and vinegar apple cider can lower levels of blood sugar, increase insulin sensitivity, promote fat burning and weight loss, and improve cholesterol levels.
Conclusion: Apple cider vinegar is made from acetic acid, which can provide health benefits. These include weight loss, reduce blood sugar and cholesterol levels healthy.
7 Side Effects of Apple cider vinegar
Unfortunately, the apple cider vinegar has been reported to cause some side effects.
This is particularly true in large doses.
although small amounts are generally very good and healthy, taking too much can be harmful and even dangerous.
1. Delayed gastric emptying
By reducing the rate at which food leaves the stomach and enters the lower digestive tract apple cider vinegar helps prevent spikes in blood sugar. This slows its absorption into the bloodstream.
This effect may worsen the symptoms of gastroparesis, a common condition in people with type 1 diabetes
nerves in the stomach do not work correctly, gastroparesis so food stays in the stomach too long and not discharged at a normal pace.
Symptoms of gastroparesis include heartburn, nausea and bloating. For type 1 diabetics with gastroparesis, the timing of insulin with meals is very challenging because it is difficult to predict how long it will take food to be digested and absorbed.
In a controlled study looked at 10 patients with gastroparesis and type 1 diabetes
Drinking water with 2 tablespoons (30 ml) of apple cider vinegar significantly increased the amount of time that food remained in the stomach, compared to drinking tap water.
Conclusion: apple vinegar has been shown to delay the rate at which food leaves the stomach. This may worsen the symptoms of gastroparesis and to control blood sugar more difficult for people with type 1 diabetes
2. digestive side effects
In some people apple cider vinegar can cause unpleasant gastrointestinal symptoms
Studies in animals and humans have found that apple cider vinegar and acetic acid may promote satiety and decrease appetite, leading to a natural reduction in calorie intake.
In some cases, appetite and food intake may decrease due to indigestion, suggests a controlled study.
People who consumed a drink containing 25 grams (0.88 ounces) apple cider vinegar reported less appetite, but also significantly greater feeling of nausea, especially when vinegar was part of a drink unpalatable.
Conclusion :. Apple cider vinegar can help reduce appetite, when consumed as part of a bad-tasting drink can cause feelings of nausea
3. Low levels of potassium and bone loss
There are currently no controlled studies on the effects of apple cider vinegar in potassium levels in the blood and bone health studies.
There is a case report of low potassium in the blood and bone loss was attributed to large doses of apple cider vinegar is taken over a long period of time.
for six years from 28 years of age consume 8 oz (250 ml) of apple cider vinegar diluted in water on a daily basis.
She was admitted to hospital with alterations in blood chemistry and low levels of potassium.
The woman was diagnosed with osteoporosis, a condition rarely seen in young people.
Physicians who treat women believe that large daily doses of apple cider vinegar took minerals leached from your bones to buffer the acidity of the blood.
also they found that high levels of acid can reduce the formation of new bone.
The amount of apple cider vinegar was much more than most people consume in a single day – well, she did this every day for many years
Conclusion :. There is a case report of low potassium levels and osteoporosis probably caused by excessive consumption of apple cider vinegar
4. The erosion of tooth enamel
drinks and acidic foods have shown damage tooth enamel.
Fruit juices and soft drinks and have been most extensively studied, but the acetic acid in vinegar can also damage tooth enamel.
The enamel of the teeth of wisdom immersed in different vinegars with pH levels ranging from 2.7-3.95 in a laboratory study. Vinegars led to a loss of 1-20% minerals teeth after four hours.
This study was conducted in a laboratory and not in the mouth, where saliva helps buffer acidity. There is some evidence that large amounts of vinegar can cause dental erosion.
A case study also concluded that severe tooth decay of a girl 15 years old, was caused by the consumption of a cup (237 ml) apple cider vinegar undiluted per day to help lose weight.
Conclusion: acetic acid in vinegar may lead to loss of minerals and weaken tooth decay and tooth enamel
5. throat burns
Apple cider vinegar has the potential to cause burns esophageal (throat).
A review of noxious liquids accidentally ingested by children found that acetic acid in vinegar was the most common cause acid burns the throat.
Vinegar be considered a “strong caustic substance” and stored in childproof containers, the researchers recommended.
There are no reported cases of throat burning apple cider vinegar itself.
However, a case report found that a tablet apple cider vinegar burns caused after becoming lodged in the throat of a woman. The woman said she had difficulty swallowing and pain for six months after the incident.
Conclusion: The acetic acid in vinegar apple cider in children caused burns the throat. A woman with experience throat burns after a tablet apple cider vinegar became lodged in the esophagus.
6. Skin burns
apple vinegar can also cause burns when applied to the skin because of its strongly acid character.
After applying several drops of apple cider vinegar to remove two moles, a 14-year-old developed erosions in the nose based on a protocol that had seen on the Internet.
A 6-year-old with multiple health problems developed burns on his legs after his mother treated his leg infection with apple cider vinegar.
There are also several topical line burns apple cider vinegar to the skin anecdotal reports.
Conclusion: There have been reports of skin burns that occurs in response to treatment of infections with polka dots and apple cider vinegar
7. Drug interaction
A few medicines may interact with apple cider vinegar:
Diabetes Medications :. People taking drugs that stimulate insulin or insulin may experience vinegar and potassium levels or dangerously low blood sugar levels
Digoxin (Lanoxin): This drug lowers levels of potassium in the blood so in combination with apple cider vinegar may lose too much potassium
Certain diuretic drugs: Some drugs Diuretics cause the body to excrete potassium. These drugs should not be consumed with large amounts of vinegar to prevent potassium levels get too low.
Conclusion: Some medicines may interact with apple cider vinegar, including digoxin, insulin and certain diuretics
How to consume apple cider vinegar safely
Following these general guidelines most people can safely consume reasonable amounts of apple cider vinegar:
Limit your intake: Start with a smaller amount and gradually work up to 2 tablespoons (30 ml) per day, depending on your personal tolerance
minimize exposure of teeth to acetic acid: try to dilute the vinegar in water and drink through a straw
Rinse your mouth: Rinse with water after taking it. Wait at least 30 minutes before brushing your teeth enamel to prevent further damage.
consider avoiding it if you have gastroparesis :. Avoid apple cider vinegar or limit the amount to 1 teaspoon (5 ml) in water or salad dressing
Be aware of allergies: allergies apple cider vinegar are rare, but if you experience an allergic reaction stop taking immediately
Conclusion: limit your daily intake, and avoid diluting if you have certain conditions, to consume apple cider vinegar safely
Take Home Message
Apple cider vinegar can provide health benefits.
is important to control the amount you eat and be careful how you take to stay safe and avoid side effects.
While a small amount of vinegar is good, more is not better and may even be harmful.