Ask most people what they know about the falls and is likely to hear a combination of the terms “eye problem” and “elderly” and not much else.
That’s not too surprising. About half of all Americans who reach age 80 will have to deal with cataracts, according to the National Institutes of Health. But it is possible to have age-related cataracts from age 40, although usually not mess with your vision until you get past 60.
And some men and middle-aged women can be narrowed unknowingly or trying to see clearly through the falls, says Stephen Foster, MD, clinical professor of ophthalmology at Harvard Medical School and founder of Massachusetts Eye Research and Surgery Institution.
So what is a cataract? This is what most people do not understand about this common eye condition.
1. The falls are not formed in her eyes.
“That is the most common misunderstanding that I find,” says Foster. By definition, a cataract is a clouding of the eye. Many people assume that a layer of fog has developed on top of the lens, but a cataract really is formed inside the eye. The haze that distort vision occurs when proteins that make up the crystalline lens normally decompose. “You can not feel a cataract, and that could take months or years to reach a stage where surgery is required to remove it,” he says.
2. Getting older is not the only risk factor.
eye injury can cause cataracts ..?
Most cataracts are age-related, but may develop due to an eye injury after surgery or other subject of the eye, such as glaucoma. Radiation and sun exposure also put you at risk; sunlight can accelerate decomposition of the proteins of the lens. Meanwhile, some cataracts are congenital and occasionally babies are born with them.
3. Cataracts may affect only one eye.
Although the “bilateral” Cataracts are more common, you may develop a cataract in only one eye, says Foster. “Especially if you have suffered some kind of stroke or trauma to one eye, which can result in the development of a cataract in one eye, but not vice versa,” he explains.
4. They can distort vision in various ways.
“I have had cataract patients with 20-20 vision,” says Foster. Some people end up with a vision that is constantly blurred, but others only have problems under certain conditions. “I just saw a patient who complained of difficulty seeing when driving at night,” he explains. “His vision was perfect most of the time, but had a particular type of cataract that causes light scattering.”
5. Not everyone who develops a cataract requires surgery.
When the cataract begins first in the form, your vision is not affected much, says Foster. “Many people put off surgery for years,” he says. And no, actually there are no associated risks with this procedure procrastination. “I always say that if a cataract affects their quality of life, then we must make plans to carry out,” he says. “Otherwise, we can forget about it until your next appointment.”
6. Cataract surgery is supercommon and SUPERSAFE.
If you have reached the point where he has to undergo surgery, do not worry: Cataract surgery has a success rate of 96%, making it one of the safest procedures in modern medicine, says Foster. “This is a local anesthetic, a small incision and no stitches,” he says. Your eye surgeon will remove your lens clean any accumulated dirt, and insert a new lens implant. “It only takes about 15 minutes,” says Foster.
After the procedure, you have to wear a protective shield when sleeping or nap, and you will not be able to run for a couple of weeks. But his vision may become clearer as soon as the day after surgery, and within a month you will be fully recovered and look better than ever, says Foster.
7. You can not stop the clock, but you can reduce your risk.
With sunglasses with UV protection and filled with fruits and vegetables rich in antioxidants can help, as can not smoking, limiting alcohol, and doing everything possible to prevent the development of diabetes. Source: www.prevention.com