STOCKHOLM – Nobel Prizes can not be revoked, so the judges have to put a lot of thought into their selections six awards, which will be announced in the next two weeks.
A revolutionary discovery that might seem today, but will stand the test of time?
founder Alfred Nobel Prize would honor those whose discoveries created Here are five decisions of the Nobel Prize in retrospect, seems questionable “greatest benefit on mankind.”
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When a German who organized poison gas attacks won the chemistry prize
Fritz Haber was awarded the 1918 chemistry prize for discovering how to create ammonia from nitrogen and hydrogen gases. His method was used for the manufacture of fertilizers and gave a boost to agriculture worldwide.
But the Nobel committee ignored completely the role of Haber in chemical warfare during World War I enthusiastically support the German war effort, oversaw the first major attack chlorine gas at Ypres, Belgium, in 1915, which killed thousands of allied troops.
When the medical committee issued a finding that it was not cancer
Danish scientist Johannes Fibiger won the 1926 Medicine for discovering that a pinworm caused cancer in rats.
There was only one problem: The roundworm did not cause cancer in rats
Fibiger insisted that his research showed that ingestion of worm larvae eating cockroaches rats developed cancer. At the time when he won the prize, the Nobel judges thought it made sense.
Subsequently, it was discovered that rats developed cancer from lack of vitamin A.
When the chemistry prize honest man who found that the use of DDT, which was banned later
The 1948 medicine award honored Swiss scientist Paul Müller a discovery that ended doing good and evil.
Mueller did not invent dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane or DDT, but discovered it was a powerful pesticide that could kill a lot of flies, mosquitoes and beetles in a short period of time.
The compound proved to be very effective in protecting agricultural crops and fight against insect-like typhus and malaria diseases. DDT saved hundreds of thousands of lives and helped eradicate malaria in southern Europe.
However, in the 1960s environmentalists discovered that DDT was poisoning wildlife and the environment. The USA.
When the man who invented the lobotomy won the medicine prize
share the brains of people they may have seemed a good idea at the time. But in retrospect, rewarding Egas Moniz Portuguese scientist in 1949 António for inventing the lobotomy to treat mental illness was not the best time of the Nobel prizes.
The method became popular in the 1940s, and the awards ceremony was praised as “one of the most important discoveries have been made in psychiatric therapy.”
But had serious side effects: Some patients died and others were severely damaged brain. Even successful operations were considered left and patients do not respond emotionally numb.
The method declined rapidly in the 1950s as drugs for the treatment of mental illness became widespread and rarely used today.
When Mahatma Gandhi India did not win the peace prize
The leader of Indian independence, considered one of the great champions in the history of nonviolent struggle, was nominated for the Nobel Peace Prize no less than five times. He never won.
The committee Peace Prize, an error is rarely granted, finally acknowledged that no concession Gandhi was an omission.
In 1989 – 41 years after Gandhi’s death -. Nobel committee chairman pays homage to Gandhi to present the award that year for the Dalai Lama
– Karl Ritter