Proper diet is the basis of proper treatment of diabetes. It must provide sufficient carbohydrates, proteins, fats, vitamins and minerals. It should be moderate, and the amount of fat should be reduced to the level that suits your body.
sugar-rich foods should also be minimized in order to avoid any increase in the level of sugar in the blood after each diet. Large meals also increase the level of blood sugar, so nutritionists recommend smaller, more frequent meals.
Carbohydrates have the main role in the diet, including whole grains such as oats, rye, barley, wheat, corn and rice. The nutrients found in whole grains prevent the breakdown of complex carbohydrates into sugar, and thus keep the blood sugar at a low level for longer.
This is the reason why nutritionists recommend a rich menu in complex carbohydrates, and muesli is the best choice.
Cereals are staple foods, as they are the main source of carbohydrates in the diet, which means they have high energy value. Grains also contain protein, minerals and vitamins. All nutrients are in the grain (shell and germs), and the core contains the highest amount of starch.
Avena controls blood sugar, of course, if you choose a type of unsweetened.
“Although it is a carbohydrate, which is a very good carbs”, spokesperson for the American Dietetic Association Marisa Moore, RD, LD, WebMD explains. Oatmeal is rich in soluble fiber, so that “it is slower to digest and will not raise blood sugar as much or as quickly. It will work better to control blood sugar over time.”
This carbohydrate high quality not only provides a stable source of energy compared with white bread, but can also help you lose some weight. Moore also explained that the soluble fiber in oatmeal “helps us to keep you feeling fuller longer.”
This is especially important for people diagnosed with type 2 diabetes who are actually overweight. “If the weight is reduced, usually to significantly improve glucose control,” said Nones.
Statistics says that barley is not as popular as oats. However, studies show that barley, which is also rich in soluble fiber, can also help control blood glucose. Behall Kay, PhD, a research nutritionist at the Center for Research USDA Beltsville Human Nutrition, did research on barley, and is recommended to eat boiled pearl barley instead of rice.
Oats and barley are not the only option, and Moore added, “most whole grains will be a great option for a person with diabetes.”
Broccoli, spinach and green beans
Experts suggest that to diversify their diet by adding lots of non-starchy vegetables, such as broccoli, spinach and green beans to the menu for diabetics. These foods are rich in fiber and low in carbohydrates, which means they are ideal for diabetics.
On the other hand, starchy vegetables include peas, potatoes, corn, winter squash, and beans. You do not have to avoid eating these vegetables, Moore explains. “They give us additional nutrients. We want to keep the balance.”
However, starchy vegetables contain more carbohydrates and actually raise blood sugar more, so it is important to eat proper portions, he added.
Recent studies have confirmed that vegetables are healthy for diabetics.
The results showed that low-fat vegetarian diet regimens can help patients diagnosed with type 2 diabetes control their disease. A study published in DiabetesCare explained that 43% of people diagnosed with type 2 diabetes who followed a vegetarian diet regime especially low fat for 22 weeks actually reduces the need for medications.
This is compared to only 26% of patients who adhered to the recommended by the American Diabetes Association diet.
On average, vegans lost more weight and lowers bad cholesterol. Since people diagnosed with diabetes are more prone to heart disease, care for heart health is as important as controlling blood sugar, says Moore.