4 Alternatives to Breast Cancer Detection

(WellnessNova.com) – Breast Cancer Detection: According to the Medical Association of the United States, breast cancer is the leading cause of premature death among American women [1] [2] . Therefore, women have a compelling reason to participate in the effective detection of breast cancer. For decades, women have learned about options detecting breast expert, followed by directives cancer, and more are expected in the future alternatives.

Current recommendations: Although it was followed by the American Cancer Society (ACS) most recent recommendation with a bit of controversy, now recommend that women at average risk of breast cancer undergo regular screening mammograms starting at 45 years old – (earlier starting age was 40) [1]. The ACS also recommends that women of average risk should undergo periodic screening mammogram every two years from age 55

And although monthly breast self-examination had been the norm for many years, the ACS no longer are recommended (either from a provider of medical services or through self-examinations), it has moved to the recommendation of a mammogram place [1].

Regardless of the age of onset and time interval, the two most common options – self-breast examination and mammography – were the only methods of detecting breast proven and effective cancer, tested , researched and recommended by many years. Who are and have been well supported by the medical community and women have tended to follow the guidelines as a way of hope to ensure early detection [3] .

Today, though still few, there are some alternatives.

1. breast ultrasound

Breast ultrasound is a method of detecting breast cancer used to monitor the results of routine mammograms and breast self-examination. Ultrasound (or sonography) uses sound waves compared to the use of small doses of radiation with mammography [4] . The good news, there is no lasting side effects with ultrasound! Moreover, it is noninvasive and painless.

Ultrasound is most effective, however, when used in conjunction with mammography – as an extension of a mammogram – and may be more beneficial when breast tissue is denser examined. It can be used to refer to an area of ​​a mammogram in question without additional radiation.

According to the ACS: “Breast ultrasound is very useful in the search for changes in the breast that can be felt but not seen on a mammogram or changes in women with dense breast tissue also. you can use to look at a change that may have been seen on a mammogram. ultrasound can be used to establish the difference between the fluid-filled cysts and solid masses “ [5] .

breast ultrasound uses sound waves to create a computerized image of the inside of the breast. This involves the use of a transducer (probe) and ultrasound gel placed directly on the skin [6] . Breast ultrasound is less expensive than traditional mammography and is readily available throughout the United States [5].

2. Breast MRI (Magnetic Resonance Imaging)

Breast MRI is another alternative detection of breast cancer free. A breast MRI is based on sound waves and no radiation. Instead it uses magnets and radio waves to create an image. An MRI is a tool that can create detailed images and the cross section of the inside of the breast [7] .

The breast MRI is considered more invasive is that both mammography and ultrasound, as it often requires the administration of a contrast medium is injected through an IV into the bloodstream . Gadolinium or dye is a dye that allows greater detection of breast cancer [8] . MRI breast are used more often with women who are in a high risk category and / or have more dense breast tissue.

A breast MRI is also used to determine the spread of cancer to evaluate difficult to evaluate abnormalities, to assess sites lumpectomy, to evaluate breast implants, and as a follow-up chemotherapy treatments [8]. A breast MRI can distinguish between scar tissue and tumors, guide a biopsy to detect cancer in women who are at very high risk of breast cancer, and detect cancer in women with very fabric, very dense breast [9] .

A breast MRI takes approximately 45 minutes to complete, often includes the administration of a contrast medium, and requires the patient to remain still while moving through a tube-like machine. MRI of the breast is a difficult test for people who have claustrophobia [10] .

3. tomosynthesis

tomosynthesis is often described as an extension or expansion of the technology used in mammography [11] [12] . In simple terms, tomosynthesis is a 3D image instead of the standard 2D offered through mammography image.

According to the experts at Massachusetts General Hospital who pioneered technology tomosynthesis, “… [breast] tomosynthesis is a breakthrough in mammography provides greater clearer view accurage compared to digital mammography alone “ [13] . The benefits of breast tomosynthesis may include early detection, greater accuracy, fewer unnecessary biopsies, “” greater probability of detection of multiple breast tumors, and clearer images denser breast tissue [13] .

4. thermography

breast thermography is a relatively new phenomenon – and highly controversial – alternative to traditional methods of detecting breast cancer. It does not use radiation, sound waves, radio waves, or magnets. Instead, it is based on infrared images. It is completely non-invasive, no dyes or after effects of any kind. In addition, compared to other methods, it is relatively quick :. It can take as little as fifteen minutes to complete [14]

Because it is free free-invasive and radiation, women can choose thermography at younger ages and maintain permanent records of breast – the longitudinal documentation – that allows physicians to detect changes over time, as needed. Early tests using thermography provide women with reference images that can be of significant benefit over a lifetime. However, according to Susan G. Komen, “Neither the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and the American College of Radiology sees thermography as a screening tool for breast or useful image” [12].

Like ultrasound and magnetic resonance imaging, thermography is not approved as a replacement for traditional mammograms and breast self-examination at this time. It is clear that more research is needed in this area before this option becomes a recommended option.

Undoubtedly, with each passing year, researchers are developing more and better options for women – mammography to Review Questions ultrasound to MRI tomosynthesis – used to help early detection of breast cancer. It’s just a matter of time before there is even more detection options for everyone!

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