During a stroke, every minute counts! Prompt treatment can reduce brain damage that can cause stroke.
By knowing the signs and symptoms of a stroke, you can be prepared to act quickly and perhaps save a life, maybe even your own.
What is a stroke?
A stroke occurs when the flow of oxygen-rich blood to part of the brain is blocked. Without oxygen, brain cells begin to die after a few minutes. sudden bleeding in the brain can also cause a stroke if the cells that damages the brain.
If brain cells die or are damaged due to a stroke, symptoms occur in parts of the body that these brain cells control. Examples of symptoms of stroke include sudden weakness; paralysis or numbness of the face, arms or legs (paralysis is an inability to move); difficulty speaking or understanding speech; and difficulty seeing.
Stroke is a serious medical condition that requires emergency care. A stroke can cause permanent brain damage, long-term disability or even death.
The you faster, better Law
A blow-decreased blood flow to the brain due to a clot or bleeding-is a medical emergency. And doctors often say that “time is brain”, that is, the faster treatment do you, the less likely your brain tissue is damaged permanently. About 80% of strokes are caused by a clot (ischemic stroke) and the rest is due to bleeding in the brain (hemorrhagic stroke).
“There are treatments available for stroke that need to be provided within the first 3-4 hours, such as drugs that dissolve clots. This is why the urgent attention is critical,” says Seemant Chaturvedi MD , professor of neurology at the Faculty of Medicine, Wayne State University. So do not waste time wondering whether you should go to the hospital.
If you or someone you know has the following symptoms, call 911
1) dizziness or loss of balance
If you feel dizzy, nauseous or have difficulty walking, people may think you are intoxicated when, in fact, that is having a stroke.
Patients may confuse stroke symptoms with other conditions, said Dr. Chaturvedi, director of University Career Program / Detroit Medical Center Wayne State. “Sometimes the sudden dizziness attributed to a viral syndrome when it can be the sign of a stroke,” he says.
2) Trouble seeing or blurred vision
Stroke can cause double vision, blurred vision or loss of vision in one eye. But it can not be thus recognized as facial weakness, arm weakness and speech problems. When 1,300 people in the UK were asked what symptoms occur in stroke, only 44% knew that the loss of vision is a strong indicator.
3) Difficulty speaking or confusion
When the former coach of the Chicago Bears and lounge closed fame wing Mike Ditka suffered what doctors told him it was a “very slight bump”, one of the symptoms he experienced was the slurred speech.
Stroke can impair the ability to speak or understand speech. One test: Repeat the phrase “You can not teach an old dog new tricks.” Is he drawled, using the wrong words, or can not talk? If any of these occurs, there is a chance of 72% that has had a stroke.
4) the arm or weak leg
When you are having a stroke, it is common that an arm or leg (or both) to go suddenly weak, numb or paralyzed. Often, the affected limb is on the opposite side of the body where the race took place in the brain.
Extend both arms (palms up) for 10 seconds. If one arm moves downwards, indicating muscle weakness, a sign of stroke. Another test. With eyes open, lift each leg separately
Pain is not a typical stroke symptoms. But if you have sudden pain in one arm, one leg, one side of the face or chest, not with a brush. One study found that women experience symptoms of non-traditional stroke 62% more often than men, and one of the most common is pain.
6) Severe headache
A sudden, severe headache, perhaps the worst I’ve had, is a common symptom of stroke.
One study involving 588 patients found that people who experienced headache with the onset of stroke tend to be younger and have a history of migraine. Women were more likely to have a headache with a stroke than men.
Dr. Chaturvedi and colleagues found young adults with stroke symptoms, including migraine, they are sometimes misdiagnosed. “If you have stroke-like symptoms, they should request a neurology or brain MRI in the emergency room,” he said.
7) face Droopy
sudden, unilateral facial weakness can be a sign of stroke. Emergency medical personnel will ask you to smile or show his teeth. If one side of your face is sinking or not moving, that could mean you’re having a stroke.
8) fatigue or mental changes
A recent study of gender differences in ischemic stroke, the type caused by blood clots, it was found that women who have a stroke were more likely than men to experience general weakness, fatigue, disorientation, and change in mental status.
In another study, 23.2% of women reported altered mental status, compared with only 15.2% of men found.
Usually, hiccups are a minor annoyance. But when stroke affects the respiratory center of the brain, which can trigger a sudden and lengthy hiccups, most often in women.
10) Difficulty breathing or heart palpitations
You can not catch your breath? Feel your heart flutter or accelerates? A study of gender differences in stroke was found that women are more likely to experience these types of symptoms.
If you think someone is having a stroke
Acting F.A.S.T. It is key to the Carrera
According to CDC , acting F.A.S.T. You can help stroke patients receive the treatments they desperately need. The most effective treatments strokes are only available if the race is recognized and diagnosed within 3 hours of the first symptoms. Stroke patients may not be eligible for the most effective treatments if we do not reach the hospital in time.
If you think someone may be having a stroke, act F.A.S.T. 1 and do the following simple test:
F-Face: Ask the person to smile. Does one side of the face droop
A-arms 😕 Ask the person to raise both arms. No one arm drift downward
S-Voice 😕 Ask the person to repeat a simple phrase. their speech or strange Creeps
T-Time 😕 If you notice any of these symptoms, call 911
Please note the time when they first appear symptoms. Some treatments for stroke work only if administered within the first 3 hours after symptoms appear. No to the hospital or let someone else drive. Call an ambulance for medical personnel can begin treatment to save lives on the way to the emergency room.
- http: / /www.cdc.gov/stroke/signs_symptoms.htm
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